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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Jeremiah 52:24

 

 

Then the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah the second priest, with the three officers of the temple.

Adam Clarke Commentary

The second priest - See the note on 2 Kings 25:18.

The three keepers - The priests who stood at the door to receive the offerings of the people, see 2 Kings 20:9, and 2 Kings 23:4.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/jeremiah-52.html. 1832.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

ZEDEKIAH'S ADVISORS EXECUTED

"And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold: and out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war; and seven of them that saw the king's face, that were found in the city; and the scribe of the captain of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city. And Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah. And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away captive out of his land."

This paragraph deals with the execution of the priests, that is, the false priests who had pressured Zedekiah into rebellion against Babylon, threatening death to Jeremiah who opposed their views. Those wicked priests dominate this list. The high priest, his deputy, and the three keepers of the threshold in the temple were included.

The other important officers mentioned here were presumed to have been responsible either for urging or approving the king's rebellious behavior.

"The people of the land ..." (Jeremiah 52:25). By the fact of their being in the midst of the city, probably in some of those "great houses' "they burned, suggests that these were the wealthy aristocrats who had sided with the king in his rebellion. If that was not the case, these were executed merely as reprisals against Jerusalem.

"The king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death ..." (Jeremiah 52:27). This indicates that the men mentioned here were first beaten without mercy, and then executed. Such was Babylonian "justice."


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James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/jeremiah-52.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest,.... That is, out of the temple, where he was ministering, or fled for safety; this is supposed to be the father of Ezra, 1 Chronicles 6:14;

and Zephaniah the second priest: or deputy priest: the "sagan" of the priests, as the Targum calls him, who was deputed to minister for the high priest, in case anything happened which hindered him from officiating; such an one there always was in later times on the day of atonement, as appears from the MisnaF6Yoma, c. 1. sect. 1. ; this man is thought to be the same with Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, Jeremiah 21:1;

and the three keepers of the door; that is, of the temple. The Targum calls them three "amarcalin"; who had, as Jarchi says, the keys of the court committed to them. The number seems better to agree with the "gizbarim" or treasurers; of whom, it is said, they never appoint less than three treasurers, and seven "amarcalin"F7Misn. Shekalim, c. 5. sect. 2. .


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/jeremiah-52.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah k the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

(k) Which served in the high priests stead, if he had any necessary impediment.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/jeremiah-52.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Seraiah — different from the Seraiah (Jeremiah 51:59), son of Neriah; probably son of Azariah (1 Chronicles 6:14).

Zephaniah — son of Maaseiah (see on Jeremiah 21:1; see on Jeremiah 29:25).


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/jeremiah-52.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

Three — It is probable there were more keepers of the door, but the captain of the guard took only three of the chief.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/jeremiah-52.html. 1765.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole "2 Kings 25:18", where we have the same words. This Seraiah was not he mentioned Jeremiah 51:59, but the son of Azariah, 1 Chronicles 6:14. By the

second priest, interpreters understand him that supplied the place of the high priest in case he were sick, &c., he that was sent by Zedekiah to the prophet, Jeremiah 21:1, and whom Jeremiah chose by his letters, Jeremiah 29:25, for not setting Jeremiah in the stocks. It is probable there were more keepers of the door, but the captain of the guard took only three of the principal.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/jeremiah-52.html. 1685.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Nebuzaradan took captive Seraiah, the chief priest, Zephaniah ( Jeremiah 29:24-32; Jeremiah 37:3), the priest who was second in authority, and three other temple officials. Seraiah"s grandfather, Hilkiah, had been King Josiah"s chief priest ( 1 Chronicles 6:13-15). Seraiah"s son was Ezra the reformer ( Ezra 7:1). Seraiah"s grandson, Joshua (Jeshua), by another Song of Solomon , Jehozadak, was the chief priest after the Exile when the returned Israelites rebuilt the temple ( Ezra 5:2; Haggai 1:1).

"The other priest named here, Zephaniah , seems by his high position to have been the one who had passed on a threat of "the stocks and collar" to Jeremiah over this very question of the temple vessels a few years earlier [cf. Jeremiah 29:24-29]. On two subsequent occasions he had been part of a deputation from the king to consult the prophet over the siege of Jerusalem [ Jeremiah 21:1-2; Jeremiah 37:3-5]. But Jeremiah"s call to surrender had seemed too radical, and now the city"s leaders had to pay the price that Babylon put on their refusal." [Note: Kidner, p160.]


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/jeremiah-52.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Second in dignity to the high priest, a chief officer of the temple.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/jeremiah-52.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Seraiah. See 2 Kings 25:18. 1 Chronicles 6:14. Compare Jeremiah 51:59.

door = threshold.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/jeremiah-52.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

Seraiah the chief priest - different from the Seraiah (Jeremiah 51:59) son of Neraiah, who was sent to Babylon in the fourth year of Zedekiah, and who is described as "a quiet prince." Probably son of Azariah, sprung from Eleazar and Aaron (1 Chronicles 6:14).

Zephaniah - son of Maaseiah (notes, Jeremiah 21:1; Jeremiah 29:25).


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/jeremiah-52.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:
the captain
12,15; 2 Kings 25:18
Seraiah
1 Chronicles 6:14; Ezra 7:1
Zephaniah
21:1; 29:25,29; 37:3; 2 Kings 25:18
door
Heb. threshold.
35:4; 1 Chronicles 9:19-26; Psalms 84:10; *marg:

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:24". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-52.html.

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