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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Jeremiah 52:34

 

 

For his allowance, a regular allowance was given him by the king of Babylon, a daily portion all the days of his life until the day of his death.

Adam Clarke Commentary

And - there was a continual diet given him - This was probably a ration allowed by the king for the support of Jehoiachin's household. For other particulars, see the note on 2 Kings 25:30.

All the days of his life - I believe these words have been by mistake added from the preceding verse. There, they are proper; here, they are tautological. They are wanting in the Septuagint and in the Arabic.

The preceding words, מותו יום עד ad yom motho, "to the day of his death," are wanting in two of De Rossi's and one of Kennicott's MSS.

Coverdale ends thus: - All the days of his life until he died. This is better than the common Version.

Immediately after this verse my old MS. Bible adds the following words: And done is aftir that into caitifte is brougt Israel, and Jerusalem is bestroide, satte Jeremye the prophet weepund, and weiled with this lamentation Jerusalem; and with bitter inwit sighand and criand weilawai, seide. Then follows in red letters: Here beginneth the Lamentation of Jeremye, that is intitle Cenoth; with the sortynge out of Ebrue letters.

Aleph: How sitteth aloon the city, etc. See something of a similar kind from other authorities, at the beginning of Lamentations.

Masoretic notes

Number of verses in this Book, 1365.

Middle verse, Jeremiah 28:11.

Masoretic sections, 31.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/jeremiah-52.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon,.... This seems to design not food only, and for himself, which he had daily at the king's table, but all necessary provisions for himself, family, and servants:

every day a portion, until the day of his death, all the days of his life; that is, of Jeconiah's; how long he lived after this is not known; he was now fifty five years of age, and cannot be thought to have lived a great while after, having been imprisoned so many years; and it is certain he did not live to the return from the captivity. Of the death of Zedekiah we have no account, only that he died in prison. The Jews sayF24Seder Olam Rabba, c. 28. p. 81. he died at this very time, when Jeconiah was advanced. The account here given of Jeconiah has led some to conclude that this chapter was not written by Jeremiah; since it cannot be well thought he should live so long as to the death of this prince; and, besides, had given an account of the destruction of Jerusalem in the thirty ninth chapter, which he would hardly repeat: though that he might do, partly for the sake of new circumstances here added; and partly as an introduction to the book of the Lamentations, which follows.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/jeremiah-52.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And [for] his food, there was a q continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his life.

(q) That is he had allowance in the court, and thus at length he had rest and quietness because he obeyed Jeremiah the Prophet, while the others were cruelly ordered that would not obey him.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/jeremiah-52.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

every day a portion — rather, “its portion," (compare 1 Kings 8:59, Margin).


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/jeremiah-52.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his life.

All the days of his life — Here ends the history of the kingdom of Judah. I shall only observe the severe judgment of God upon this people, whose kingdom was made up of the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and half the tribe of Manasseh. In the numbering of the persons belonging to these two tribes, Numbers 1:27,35,37, (counting half of the number of the tribe of Manasseh) we find one hundred twenty-six thousand one hundred: Numbers 26:22,34,41, we find of them one hundred forty-eight thousand four hundred and fifty. Here, verse52:30, we find no more of them carried into captivity, than four thousand and six hundred. From whence we may judge what a multitude of them were slain by the sword, by the famine, and pestilence! It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God, to mock his messengers, despise his words, and misuse his prophets, 'till there be no remedy, 2 Chronicles 36:16.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/jeremiah-52.html. 1765.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

REFLECTIONS

READER! what vast subjects open to our most devout meditation, while going over in the perusal those prophetical writings of the mournful Prophet Jeremiah. How gracious to his Church and people, the Lord is here manifested! How patient, and long suffering! And, finally, what an issue to his mercy! How tried, afflicted; distressed, and exercised, his faithful servant the Prophet! And what a series of the most aggravated provocations, rebellions, and sins, did the people of Israel and Judah set up against the Lord; and against Jeremiah!

Reader! solemnly ponder well the whole subject. Then call to mind the Covenant faithfulness of Jehovah, as the one only cause of Israel's salvation. Oh! the blessedness of that rich mercy and grace given the Church in Christ Jesus, before the world began. Here Reader! centre all your views. Here trace all mercies to their source. In Jesus behold the whole purpose of redemption: and from Jesus see that you draw all your consolation. God in Christ reconciling the world to himself, explains the whole mystery of redemption, and places the whole on a firm foundation, not to be shaken. May a gracious God, give both to him that writes, and to him that reads, more and more to rest on this Rock of Ages, and to be looking forward with holy faith to that hour when the Lord will bring again, Zion, and overthrow all the enemies of the Church, as Babylon, with an everlasting destruction! Amen.


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Bibliography
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/jeremiah-52.html. 1828.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He treated him like a prince, with a respect becoming his former state, took care both for his habit and diet: for his habit, that it should be decent, such as became a person of his quality, though a captive: for his diet, that he should have it in his court, thereby learning others that humanity which becometh all men to treat others with that are fallen under their power; that decency which becometh them as men, and as men whose circumstances have been better; doing to others as we would they should do unto us. Thus Jehoiachin’s lot was different from that of his father Jehoiakim, whose body was cast out, as we heard before; as also from that of his uncle Zedekiah, who did not only die in Babylon, but died a prisoner; his nephew Jehoiachin died there, and a captive, but not in durance.

Thee four last verses are found also 2 Kings 25:27-30; and being found here in a narrative form, related as a piece of history relating a thing done not in a prophetical style, are an argument (as was said before) that this whole chapter is no part of the prophecy of Jeremiah, and probably not wrote by him; for he beginning his prophecy in the thirteenth year of Josiah, who reigned thirty-one years, and continuing it three months during the reign of Jehoahaz, and eleven years during the reign of Jehoiakim, and three months during the reign of Jehoiachin, (or Jeconiah,) and eleven years during the reign of Zedekiah, and Jehoiachin outliving the reign of Zedekiah twenty-five years, it must needs be sixty-five years and a half after the word of the Lord first came to Jeremiah before the death of Jehoiachin; so as the prophet, if he lived to that time, must be near a hundred years old, which is not probable.

Here now endeth the history of the kingdom of Judah. I shall only note the severe judgment of God upon this people, whose kingdom was made up of the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and half the tribe of Manasseh. In the numbering of the persons belonging to these two tribes, Num 1, (counting half of the number of the tribe of Manasseh,) we find one hundred twenty-six thousand one hundred. Num 26, we find of them one hundred forty-eight thousand four hundred and fifty. Here, Jeremiah 52:30, we find no more of them carried into captivity than four thousand and six hundred. From whence we may judge what a multitude of them were slain by the sword, or killed by the famine and the pestilence, though we make a great allowance for such as were left in the land to dress vineyards and to till the ground. It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God, to mock his messengers, despise his words, and misuse his prophets, till there be no remedy, as this people did, 2 Chronicles 36:16.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/jeremiah-52.html. 1685.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

until, &c. Note the items above, which are supplemental to 2Ki 25.



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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/jeremiah-52.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his

There was a continual diet given him ... every day a portion - rather, 'its portion,' margin (cf. margin, 1 Kings 8:59, 'the thing of a day in his (its) day' - i:e., 'at all times, as the matter shall require').

Remarks:

(1) When God is angry, and purposes to punish nations and individuals, he gives them over, or at least those on whom their well-being depends, to a judicial blindness as to their own interests, just as he gave over Zedekiah to the suicidal infatuation of rebelling against the great King of Babylon. How much, then, we need to have the Lord on our side in our national politics, seeing that otherwise we have no guarantee against false steps being taken by our rulers, which must end in national humiliation and misery!

(2) Zedekiah tried to secure himself by flight from the consequences of his rebellion and perjury; but it is vain for the transgressor to think of escaping from the appointed judgments of God (Jeremiah 52:7-10). Those eyes which had looked Nebuchadnezzar in the face, at the time of taking the solemn oath of allegiance to him before God, were put out as unworthy any more to see the light of day (Jeremiah 52:11). The sinfully weak king, who had through fear of his princes permitted Jeremiah, the prophet of God, to be cast into a miry dungeon, was himself consigned to a Babylonian prison until the day of his death (Jeremiah 52:11).

(3) The poorer classes alone suffered but little in the general calamity. Nay, many of them were given possessions, which they had never been permitted heretofore to enjoy, through the oppression of the wealthier Jews, and were made by the Chaldeans vinedressers and farmers (Jeremiah 52:16). How wise it is for us to avoid such entanglement of our hearts in earthly goods, as that in losing them we should be losing our all! The believer alone can stand upon the ruins of empires and worlds, and say, I have lost nothing.

(4) The awful enormity and bitterness of sin appear especially in the overthrow even of the temple of God. The remembrance of its precious furniture, its perfect symmetry, and its holy services, now lost to them, would be the most bitter ingredient in the cup of the Jewish captives. How they must have reproached themselves, that they had not prized these spiritual treasures enough while they had them! Let us so use our spiritual privileges now, that there may never come a time when we shall have sad experience of the righteous appointment of God, "From him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath."


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/jeremiah-52.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his life.
there was
2 Samuel 9:10; Matthew 6:11
every day a portion
Heb. the matter of the day in his day.
Luke 11:3

Copyright Statement
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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:34". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-52.html.

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