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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Proverbs 13:2

 

 

From the fruit of a man's mouth he enjoys good, But the desire of the treacherous is violence.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The fruit of his mouth - Speech rightly used is itself good, and must therefore bring good fruit.

Eat violence - i. e., Bring upon itself repayment in kind for its deeds of evil.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/proverbs-13.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

"A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth; But the soul of the treacherous shall eat violence."

"Good people are rewarded for the good things they say, but evil people always want to do wrong."[3] "Good people will be rewarded for what they say, but those who are deceitful are hungry for violence."[4]


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/proverbs-13.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth,.... Or, "of the mouth"; either another's or his own, since the word his is not in the text; though it is supplied by the Targum, Aben Ezra, the Vulgate Latin, and Syriac versions, as by us. The Septuagint and Arabic versions render it, "shall eat of the fruits of righteousness". I should choose to translate the whole thus: "a good man shall eat of the fruit of his mouth": so Aben Ezra interprets it, "a good man shall eat"; and so the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic versions render it. The sense is, that a good man brings forth good things out of the good treasure of his heart by his mouth; which not only minister grace to the hearers, and are for the use of edifying to others, but also to himself; while he gives wholesome counsel and advice to others, it is of service to himself; while he comforts others, he comforts himself; and while he teaches and instructs others, he teaches and instructs himself: so a good minister of Jesus Christ, while he feeds others with knowledge and understanding, he himself is nourished up with the words of faith and good doctrine; so Jarchi refers it to a man's doctrine, and the reward of it here and hereafter;

but the soul of the transgressors shall eat violence; Jarchi interprets it,

"the delight of transgressors is violence;'F21"Anima cupido praevaricatorum est violentis", Gussetius, p. 524. .

that is, what their souls desire, choose, will, and take pleasure in, even using violence, and doing mischief to others; and to the same purpose is the note of Gersom: but Aben Ezra supplies it from the former clause, as we do; and the sense is, that the same measure they mete out to others shall be measured out to them again; what they give others to eat, they shall eat themselves, even the bread of violence; see Proverbs 4:16. And this will be the case of all perfidious and treacherous ones, as the wordF23בגדים "perfidiosorum", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "perfidorum", Cocceius, Schultens. used signifies; of false teachers and cruel persecutors; and of Babylon, of whom it will he said, "reward her as she rewarded you", Revelation 18:6.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/proverbs-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

A man shall eat good by the fruit a of [his] mouth: but the soul of the transgressors [shall eat] violence.

(a) If he uses his tongue to God's glory, and the profit of his neighbour, God will bless him.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/proverbs-13.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

shall eat — that is, obtain (Proverbs 12:14).

transgressors — as in Proverbs 2:22.

violence — or, “mischief” to themselves.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/proverbs-13.html. 1871-8.

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

2 From the fruit of the mouth of a man he himself enjoys good;

But the delight of the godless is violence.

2a = Proverbs 12:14, where ישׂבּע for יאכל . A man with a fruit-bringing mouth, himself enjoys also the blessing of his fruit-producing speech; his food (cf. βρῶμα , John 4:34) is the good action in words, which in themselves are deeds, and are followed by deeds; this good action affords enjoyment not merely to others, but also to himself. Ewald and Bertheau attract יאכל to 2b; so also does Fleischer: “the violence which the בּגדים wish to do to others turns back upon themselves; they must eat it also, i.e. , bear its evil consequences.” The thought would then be like Proverbs 10:6 : os improborum obteget violentia , and “to eat violence” is parallel to “to drink (Proverbs 26:6) violence (injury).” But wherefore then the naming of the soul, of which elsewhere it is said that it hungers or satiates itself, but never simply (but cf. Luke 12:19) that it eats? On the contrary, נפשׁ means also appetitus , Proverbs 23:2, and particularly wicked desire, Psalms 27:12; here, as Psalms 35:25, the object of this desire ( Psychol . p. 202). Regarding בגדים , vid ., above, p. 85. There are such as do injury in a cunning deceitful manner to their neighbour to their own advantage. While the former (the righteous) distributes to his neighbour from the inner impulse without having such a result in view, yet according to God's direction he derives enjoyment himself therefrom: the desire of the latter goes to חמס , ἀδικία , and thus to the enjoyment of good unrighteously and violently seized.


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The Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.

Bibliography
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/proverbs-13.html. 1854-1889.

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible

Note, 1. If that which comes from within, out of the heart, be good, and from a good treasure, it will return with advantage. Inward comfort and satisfaction will be daily bread; nay, it will be a continual feast to those who delight in that communication which is to the use of edifying. 2. Violence done will recoil in the face of him that does it: The soul of the transgressors that harbours and plots mischief, and vents it by word and deed, shall eat violence; they shall have their belly full of it. Reward her as she has rewarded thee, Revelation 18:6. Every man shall drink as he brews, eat as he speaks; for by our words we must be justified or condemned, Matthew 12:37. As our fruit is, so will our food be, Romans 6:21, Romans 6:22.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Henry, Matthew. "Complete Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mhm/proverbs-13.html. 1706.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible

By our words we must be justified or condemned, Matthew 12:37.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Henry, Matthew. "Concise Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "Matthew Henry Concise Commentary

on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mhn/proverbs-13.html. 1706.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth: but the soul of the transgressors shall eat violence.

Shall eat — Shall receive comfort, and benefit by his wise and profitable discourses.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/proverbs-13.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Proverbs 13:2 A man shall eat good by the fruit of [his] mouth: but the soul of the transgressors [shall eat] violence.

Ver. 2. A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth.] {See Trapp on "Proverbs 12:14"} {See Trapp on "Proverbs 10:6"} {See Trapp on "Matthew 12:37"}


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/proverbs-13.html. 1865-1868.

The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann

v. 2. A man shall eat good, himself enjoy the benefits, by the fruit of his mouth, as the result of his speaking always with the benefit of others in mind; but the soul of the trangressors shall eat violence, they are satisfied only if they can exercise violence upon others and thus satisfy their appetite for spoil.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Kretzmann, Paul E. Ph. D., D. D. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "Kretzmann's Popular Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/kpc/proverbs-13.html. 1921-23.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Shall eat good; shall receive much comfort, and credit, and benefit to himself.

By the fruit of his mouth; by his wise and profitable discourses.

The soul, i.e. the person, as the soul is oft used.

The transgressors; who transgress with their lips, as this general phrase may be restrained from the former clause.

Shall eat violence; shall have that violence and injury returned upon themselves, which they have offered to others in word or deed.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/proverbs-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2. A man shall eat (that is, enjoy,) good, etc. — A man that only speaks what is right and proper shall enjoy the good effects of his wise and upright conduct, but the soul of the transgressors בגדים, (bogedhim) the treacherous, perfidious, faithless — shall have their perfidy returned, which they will be compelled to eat, that is, suffer.

Soul נפשׁ (nephesh) may mean appetite, and the clause may be read, But the appetite of the treacherous (shall eat) violence. Conant: “The spirit of the treacherous shall feed on violence.” Comp. Proverbs 12:14; Proverbs 18:20-21.


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/proverbs-13.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Mouth. In reward of his good speeches. (Calmet) --- Septuagint, "of justice the good man eateth; but the souls of the lawless perish before the time," chap. xii. 13.


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/proverbs-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

man. Hebrew. "ish. App-14. eat = get his food: "eat" being put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, for what is gained by effort.

soul. Hebrew. nephiesh. App-13.

transgressors = traitors, faithless ones. Hebrew. bagad, as in Proverbs 13:15; Proverbs 2:22; Proverbs 11:3, Proverbs 11:6; Proverbs 16:10; Proverbs 21:18, &c.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth: but the soul of the transgressors shall eat violence. A man shall eat good by the fruit of (his) mouth. He shall enjoy the fruit of the good words which he uses (Proverbs 12:14). No wonder that the Holy Spirit here labours so much for the reformation of the tongue; for the apostle also (Romans 3:13, etc.), when giving an anatomy of human depravity in the members of the body, dwells more on the tongue than all the rest (Cartwright).

But the soul of the transgressors (shall eat) violence - the transgressors who seek to inflict injury on others shall suffer the fruit of injury in their own soul. The soul of the transgressors (including all their inward man) is opposed to the mouth of good man. They do not show by the mouth the evil which is within their soul; but the good man's month indicates the good heart within. Therefore his mouth is mentioned, but their soul.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/proverbs-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth.—See above on Proverbs 12:14.

Shall eat violence.—Comp. Proverbs 1:31; Proverbs 26:6.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/proverbs-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth: but the soul of the transgressors shall eat violence.
eat
12:14; 18:20
the soul
1:11-13,18,31; 4:17; 10:11; Psalms 75:8; 140:11; Jeremiah 25:27-31; Habakkuk 2:8,17; Revelation 16:6

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 13:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-13.html.

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