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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Proverbs 26:26

 

 

Though his hatred covers itself with guile, His wickedness will be revealed before the assembly.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Better, “Hatred is covered by deceit, but in the midst of the congregation his wickedness will be made manifest,” i. e., then, in the time of need, the feigned friendship will pass into open enmity.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/proverbs-26.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Whose hatred is covered by deceit,.... The hatred of whose heart is covered by deceitful words, and strong expressions of love and esteem; so that those to whom they are made are deceived by them. Or, whose "hatred is covered in a waste or desert place"F14במשאון "in desolatione", Montanus; "in solitudine", Baynus, Vatablus; "in vastatione", Tigurine version; "in vastitate", Mercerus, Piscator, so Ben Melech. ; it being not seen; as what is done in desert places is not obvious to view, being little frequented; which agrees with what follows, and keeps up the antithesis between the two clauses: Schultens renders it, with a tumultuous noise, with loud and public acclamations; see Zechariah 4:7;

his wickedness shall be showed before the whole congregation; in an open court of judicature, where he shall be brought, arraigned, and tried for his wickedness; which, though covertly done, shall be exposed and proved upon him: or before the church of God, where he shall be convicted by the word, and be obliged to acknowledge his sin; and, in a member, be reproved before all, and rejected: or however, at the great day of judgment, before angels and men, when all will be convened together; and where every secret work will be brought, and will be brought to light, and receive its just reward.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/proverbs-26.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

[Whose] hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall be revealed before the [whole] m congregation.

(m) In the assembly of the godly.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/proverbs-26.html. 1599-1645.

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

26 Hatred may conceal itself behind deceit:

Its wickedness shall be exposed in the assembly.

Proverbs which begin with the fut. are rarely to be found, it is true; yet, as we have seen, Proverbs 12:26, they are sometimes to be met with in the collection. This is one of the few that are of such a character; for that the lxx and others translate ὁ κρύπτων , which gives for רעתו a more appropriate reference, does not require us to agree with Hitzig in reading הכּסה (Proverbs 12:16, Proverbs 12:23) - the two clauses rendered fut. stand in the same syntactical relation, as e.g. , Job 20:24. Still less can the rendering of במשׁאון by συνίστησι δόλον , by the lxx, induce us to read with Hitzig חרשׁ און , especially since it is doubtful whether the Heb. words which floated before those translators (the lxx) have been fallen upon. משּׁאון (beginning and ending with a formative syllable) is certainly a word of rare formation, to be compared only to מסדּרון , Judges 3:23; but since the nearest-lying formation משּׁא signifies usury (from נשׁא , to credit) (according to which Symmachus, διὰ λήμματα , to desire gain), it is obvious that the language preferred this double formation for the meaning deceiving, illusion, or, exactly: fraud. It may also be possible to refer it, like משּׁוּאות ( vid ., under Psalms 23:1-6 :18), to שׁוא = שׁאה , to be confused, waste, as this is done by Parchon, Kimchi ( Venet . ἐν ἐρημίᾳ ), Ralbag, and others; משׁאון , in this sense of deepest concealment, certainly says not a little as the contrast of קהל [an assembly], but ישׁימום [a desert] stood ready for the poet to be used in this sense; he might also have expressed himself as Job 30:3; Job 38:27. The selection of this rare word is better explained if it denotes the superlative of deceit - a course of conduct maliciously directed toward the deception of a neighbour. That is also the impression which the word has made on Jerome ( fraudulenter ), the Targ. ( בּמוּרסתא , in grinding), Luther (to do injury), and according to which it has already been explained, e.g. , by C. B. Michaelis and Oetinger (“with dissembled, deceitful nature”). The punctuation of תכסה , Codd. and editions present in three different forms. Buxtorf in his Concordance (also Fürst), and the Basel Biblia Rabbinica , have the form תּכסּה ; but this is a mistake. Either תּכּסה ( Niph .) תּכּסּה ( Hithpa ., with the same assimilation of the preformative ת as in הכּבּס , Leviticus 13:55; נכּפּר , Deuteronomy 21:8) is to be read; Kimchi, in his Wörterbuch , gives תּכּסּה , which is certainly better supported. A surer contrast of במשׁאון and בקהל remains in our interpretation; only we translate not as Ewald: “hatred seeks to conceal itself by hypocrisy,” but: in deceitful work. Also we refer רעתו , not to במשׁאון , but to שׂנאה , for hatred is thought of in connection with its personal representative. We see from 26b that hatred is meant which not only broods over evil, but also carries it into execution. Such hatred may conceal itself in cunningly-contrived deception, yet the wickedness of the hater in the end comes out from behind the mask with the light of publicity.


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The Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.

Bibliography
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/proverbs-26.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Whose hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall be shewed before the whole congregation.

Deceit — With false professions of love.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/proverbs-26.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Proverbs 26:26 [Whose] hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall be shewed before the [whole] congregation.

Ver. 26. Whose hatred is covered by deceit, &c.] He shall be detected and detested of all, sooner or later. God will wash off his varnish with rivers of brimstone. Love, as it is the best armour, so it is the worst cloak, and will serve dissemblers, as the disguise Ahab put on, and perished. [1 Kings 22:30-37]


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/proverbs-26.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Covered by deceit; with false professions of love. Showed before the whole congregation; instead of that secrecy and impunity, which by this art he designed and promised to himself, he shall be brought to public shame and punishment.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/proverbs-26.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

26. Whose hatred — Or, his hatred. Stuart translates: “Hatred concealeth deceit.” Conant: “Covers itself with deceit.”

Wickedness… showed — Disclosed, discovered.

Before the whole congregation — Like murder, it “will out.” The “congregation” may mean the court or judicial assembly. It is supposed to refer back to “he that hateth,” Proverbs 26:24.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/proverbs-26.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Deceitfully. Hebrew, "in desolation." He will cringe, but when he finds an opportunity, he will discover his evil designs. (Calmet)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/proverbs-26.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

deceit. Hebrew. nasha". See note on Proverbs 11:18. Not the same word as in verses: Proverbs 26:19, Proverbs 26:24.

congregation = assembly.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/proverbs-26.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Whose hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall be shewed before the whole congregation.

(Whose) hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall be showed before the (whole) congregation.

God will so order it that his wickedness shall be exposed before all, either now, or certainly at the last judgment, when all 'covert hatred' shall be disclosed.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/proverbs-26.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(26) Whose hatred is covered by deceit.—Rather, hatred may cover itself by deceit (but) his wickedness (i.e., of the hater, implied in “hatred”) will be displayed in the congregation, i.e., openly, when a suitable opportunity for indulging his hatred occurs.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/proverbs-26.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Whose hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall be shewed before the whole congregation.
Whose hatred is covered by deceit
or, Hatred is covered in secret.
Genesis 4:8; 1 Samuel 18:17,21; 2 Samuel 3:27-30; 13:22-28; Psalms 55:21-23

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 26:26". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-26.html.

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