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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Psalms 105:23

 

 

Israel also came into Egypt; Thus Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Israel also came into Egypt - Another name for Jacob; see Psalm 105:10.

And Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham - Not as a permanent abode, but as a temporary arrangement, until the time should come for the people to be removed to the land of promise. See Genesis 46:6. The more literal rendering would be, “Jacob was a stranger - a foreigner - in the land of Ham.” On the meaning of the word “Ham,” see the notes at Psalm 78:51.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-105.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

"Israel also came into Egypt;

And Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.

And he increased his people greatly,

And made them stronger than their adversaries.

He turned their heart to hate his people,

To deal subtly with his servants."

This is a thumb-nail history of four hundred years! God had told Abraham on that dreadful night of the covenant when the smoking lamp went between the carcasses what would happen to his posterity.

"Abram, know of a surety that thy seed shall be sojourners in a land that is not theirs, and they shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years. That nation whom they shall serve, will I judge; and afterward shall they come out with great substance (Genesis 15:13.14).

"Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham" (Psalms 105:23). "Egypt is here called the land of Ham, because in the table of nations (Genesis 10) Egypt is listed as one of the sons of Ham."[10]

"God made them stronger than their adversaries" (Psalms 105:24). It is surprising to us that a scholar such as Leupold would question the truth of this. He wrote, "This can scarcely be intended to be understood in the most literal sense."[11] Indeed! And why not? "The king over Egypt said ... Behold the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we. Come let us deal wisely with them, etc." (Exodus 1:7).

"God turned their heart to hate his people" (Psalms 105:25). "Through his great blessings upon the Israelites, God caused the Egyptians to hate them."[12] This came about through their envy, jealousy and fear of the astounding growth of Israel.


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/psalms-105.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Israel also came into Egypt,.... That is, Jacob, as afterwards expressed, who had the name of Israel, from his wrestling with God and prevailing. He came into Egypt, being invited by Pharaoh, and having heard of his son Joseph being alive, and of his exaltation.

And Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham: the same with Egypt; Mizraim, from whence Egypt has its name, being the son of Ham, Genesis 10:6. Hence Egypt is called by PlutarchF11De Iside. Chemia; and Diodorus SiculusF12Biblioth. l. 1. p. 16. speaks of a city in Thebais, or Upper Egypt, which was called by the inhabitants Chemmis, interpreted by them the city of Pan; and PlutarchF13Ut supra. (De Iside.) mentions a place called Chennis, inhabited by Pans and Satyrs. The same is mentioned by HerodotusF14Euterpe sive, l. 2. c. 91. , which he calls a large city of the Thebaic nome; a city of the same name is observed by HeliodorusF15Ethiopic. l. 5. c. 9. & l. 6. c. 4. ; and both HerodotusF16Ut supra, (Euterpe sive, l. 2.) c. 156. and MelaF17De Situ Orbis, l. 1. c. 9. speak of an island called Chemmis, which the Egyptians represent as floating. In all which there are plain traces of the name of Ham, the same with Jupiter Ammon; or Amun, as Plutarch; worshipped in Egypt; and from whom all Africa was sometimes called AmmoniaF18Stephanus de Urb. , the country of Ammon or Ham. And HerodotusF19Melpomene sive, l. 4. c. 181. speaks of a people called Ammonii, about ten days' journey from Thebes in Upper Egypt; who, according to himF20Euterpe sive, l. 2. c. 32, 42. , had their name from Jupiter Ammon, or Ham. And PlinyF21Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 9. makes mention of the oracle of Hammon, as twelve days' journey from Memphis, and of the Hammoniac nome; and the Egyptian priests are called AmmmoneanF23Sanchoniatho apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 1. p. 32. . Here Jacob was a sojourner, as all the Lord's people are in this world; they are sojourners, as all their fathers were; and their time here is a time of sojourning, 1 Chronicles 29:15. They are not natives of the place where they are; they are indeed so by their first birth, but not by their new birth; being born from above, they belong to another place, are citizens of another city; their house, estate, and inheritance, are in heaven: neither their settlement nor satisfaction are here; they do not reckon themselves at home while they are in this world; they are indeed in an enemy's country, in a cursed land; or that is nigh unto cursing, and its end to be burned. Such the land of Ham was, where Jacob sojourned.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/psalms-105.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.

Ham — Ham was the father of Mizraim, or the Egyptians, Genesis 10:6.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/psalms-105.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

23.And Israel came into Egypt The prophet does not rehearse the whole history, nor was this necessary. He only presents to our view how divine providence was concerned in it, which very few consider in reading the narrative of Moses. He accordingly declares, that after Joseph had been sent before into Egypt, to be the means of supporting his father and the whole family, Jacob then came into Egypt, that is, he did so when all things were admirably arranged, that he might find abundance of bread among a people, the proudest of the whole world, (219) when all others were perishing for want of food. From this it appears, that what is accounted to be slowness in God, tends to no other end than to accomplish his work on the best possible occasion.


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These files are public domain.

Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/psalms-105.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Psalms 105:23 Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.

Ver. 23. Israel also came into Egypt] Whither he feared to go, till God promised him his presence and protection, Genesis 46:3-4. God saith the same in effect to us, when to descend into the grave, Fear not to go down, I will go down with thee, and be better to thee than thy fears. Jacob’s best and happiest days were those he spent in Egypt.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/psalms-105.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Israel; Jacob in his person, and with his children. Of Ham, i.e. Egypt, so called here, also Psalms 78:5 106:22; from that cursed Ham, Genesis 9:22, who was the father of Mizraim, or the Egyptians, Genesis 10:6. And the psalmist seems to call it by this name, to intimate that they were the people of God’s curse, and thereby to caution the Israelites against returning to that land, which they were particularly forbidden to do, Deuteronomy 17:16.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/psalms-105.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

23. Israel… came into Egypt—This, with its results, explains the wonderful story of Joseph, or of divine providence concerning him.

Land of Ham—So called from Ham, the father of Mizraim, which latter settled Egypt. Genesis 10:6. Egypt is everywhere called “Mizraim” in the Hebrew Scriptures. Egypt is its Greek name.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/psalms-105.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Breach. Like a valiant captain, (Calmet) or pastor. (Haydock) --- God complains of those who neglected this duty, Ezechiel xiii. 5., and xxii. 30. The psalmist alluded to the conduct of Moses, after the people had adored the calf, (Exodus xxxii. 10.) or when they had joined with Core, Numbers xvi. 44. (Calmet) --- The intercession of the saints is useful, (St. Augustine) still more after their victories. (St. Jerome ad Vig. ii.) (2 Machabees xv. 14.) (Berthier) --- God spared the people for the sake of Moses. (Worthington)


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/psalms-105.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Israel also came = So Israel came. Compare Psalms 105:13 and Genesis 46:1.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-105.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.
Israel
Genesis 45:9-11; 46:2-7; Joshua 24:4; Acts 7:11-15
Jacob
Genesis 47:6-9,28
the land
27; 78:51; 106:22; Genesis 10:6

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 105:23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-105.html.

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