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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Psalms 124:4

 

 

Then the waters would have engulfed us, The stream would have swept over our soul;

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Then the waters had overwhelmed us - Our destruction would have been as if the waves of the ocean had overwhelmed us.

The stream had gone over our soul - The torrent would have swept us away. Compare Psalm 18:4, Psalm 18:16.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-124.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Then the waters had overwhelmed us,.... People, comparable to waters for their multitude, Strength, force, and impetuosity; which bear down all before them, and against which there is no standing; which, like the waters of the flood, overflow and destroy all they pass over. These are the floods of ungodly men, which are very destructive and terrible; see Revelation 17:15; together with all those reproaches, afflictions, and persecutions, which come along with them; which the presence of God only can bear up his people under, and carry them through, Song of Solomon 8:7;

the stream had gone over our soul; and so deprived them of life; the whole force of the enemy; which, like a stream, flows in with great strength and rapidity, when a breach is made and spreads itself, Arama interprets it of the stream of the Egyptians, and restrains it to them, their armies and forces; but it rather designs others, and the enemies of God's people in general, which threaten their ruin, even their very souls and lives: it may be applied to the stream of corruptions, the flood of temptation and flow of persecutions, such as the flood the dragon cast out of his mouth after the woman; which, were it not for divine grace and assistance, would destroy the saints, who have no might against this great force, 2 Chronicles 20:12.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/psalms-124.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Then the c waters had overwhelmed us, the stream had gone over our soul:

(c) He uses proper similitudes to express the great danger that the Church was in, and out of which God miraculously delivered them.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/psalms-124.html. 1599-1645.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

4.The waters had then overwhelmed us. He embellishes by an elegant metaphor the preceding sentiment, comparing the dreadful impetuosity of the enemies of the Jews to an inundation, which swallows up whatever it meets with in its overflowing course. And he continues to preserve the character of a man affrighted. He names the waters, next the torrent, thirdly, the proud or impetuous waters. He says, over us, and over our soul, as if, by presenting the thing to the eye, he intended to strike terror into the people. And certainly this impassioned language ought to have all the effect of a graphic representation, that the faithful might the better feel from what a profound gulf they had been rescued by the hand of God. He only truly attributes his deliverance to God, who acknowledges himself to have been lost before he was delivered. The adverb them is here either demonstrative, as if the Psalmist had pointed to the thing with the finger, or it is taken for long ago. The former signification is, however, more suitable to the present passage.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/psalms-124.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Psalms 124:4 Then the waters had overwhelmed us, the stream had gone over our soul:

Ver. 4. Then the waters had overwhelmed us] As once the Red Sea did the Egyptians, or as the general deluge did the old world.

The stream had gone over our soul] Neither could we have withstood it by any art or industry.


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/psalms-124.html. 1865-1868.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

4. The waters… overwhelmed us—Probably an allusion to Exodus 14:27-28.

The stream—The mountain torrent. These, in the rainy season, are terrible, and against them no art or power of man can prevail. A single thunder storm of rain will often suffice to create a flood which sweeps away habitations and families and animals. Such a seil, or flood, in the Wady Solaf, Mount Sinai, in 1867, swept away an Arab encampment, and forty persons, with many camels, sheep, and cattle, perished in the waters. Palmer and his company saw trunks of large palm trees which had been carried thirty miles down the valley by this flood. See Psalms 18:13; Psalms 18:15. The description of Isaiah 8:7-8, refers to the excessive overflow of the Nile or of the Euphrates, which, though more rare and gradual, is yet far more terrible. These perils from the great forces of nature are a fit emblem of the dangers, often as sudden as overwhelming, to which the militant Church is exposed.


Copyright Statement
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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/psalms-124.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Heart. This God will certainly perform. (Worthington) --- He asks not for himself alone, and leaves all to the divine disposal. (Haydock)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/psalms-124.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

stream = torrent, or flood. Hebrew. nahal. See App-67.

our soul = us. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13. Note the Figure of speech Epistrophe (App-6) in the repetition at end of Psalms 124:5.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-124.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Then the waters had overwhelmed us, the stream had gone over our soul: Then the waters had overwhelmed us. So in David's psalm, Psalms 18:16; Psalms 144:7,

The stream had gone over our soul - rather, 'the flood,' as in Psalms 18:4 : cf. Psalms 79:2.


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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/psalms-124.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(4) Waters.—The sudden transition in the imagery from the earthquake to the flood is characteristic of Hebrew poetry. (For the flood, see Psalms 18:4; Psalms 18:16; Psalms 69:14; Psalms 144:7.)

Stream.—The torrent swollen with the winter rain. (Comp. Isaiah 8:7-8.)


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/psalms-124.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Then the waters had overwhelmed us, the stream had gone over our soul:
the waters
18:4; 42:7; 69:15; Isaiah 8:7,8; 28:2; 59:19; Jeremiah 46:7,8; Daniel 9:26; Revelation 12:15,16; 17:1,15

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 124:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-124.html.

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