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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Psalms 146:7

 

 

Who executes justice for the oppressed; Who gives food to the hungry. The LORD sets the prisoners free.

Adam Clarke Commentary

Which ewecuteth judgment for the oppressed - For those who suffer by violence or calumny. This may refer to the Israelites, who suffered much by oppression from the Babylonians, and by calumny from the Samaritans, etc., who had prejudiced the king of Persia against them.

Giving food to the hungry - No doubt he fed the poor captives by many displays of his peculiar providence.

The Lord looseth the prisoners - And as he has sustained you so long under your captivity, so will he bring you out of it.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/psalms-146.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Which executeth judgment for the oppressed - This is the third reason why the lot of those is a happy one who trust in God. It is because he has power to pronounce and execute a right judgment or sentence in regard to the oppressed and the wronged, and because it is characteristic of his nature that he does thus execute judgment. See the notes at Psalm 103:6: “The Lord executeth right. eousness and judgment for all that are oppressed.”

Which giveth food to the hungry - See the notes at Psalm 107:9: “For he satisfieth the longing soul, and filleth the hungry soul with goodness.” This is the fourth reason why they who confide in God are happy. Compare Luke 1:53: “He hath filled the hungry with good things.”

The Lord looseth the prisoners - This is the fifth reason why they who trust in the Lord are “happy.” Compare the notes at Psalm 68:6: “He bringeth out those which are bound with chains.” See also the notes at Psalm 107:10: “Being bound in affliction and iron.” Compare Job 36:8-9.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-146.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Which executeth judgment for the oppressed,.... All judgment being committed to Christ as Mediator, he executes it on the behalf of his oppressed ones, and breaks in pieces their oppressors; being oppressed with sin, and lying under the power of it, he condemned it in his flesh, wrought out a righteousness to justify from it, and redeemed them from all their iniquities; being oppressed by Satan, and led captive by him, he took them as a prey from the mighty, and led captivity captive; and, when oppressed by the world, he is on their side and takes their part, and thoroughly pleads their cause, and suffers no weapon formed against them to prosper; and will before long destroy antichrist and his followers, and bring down his judgments on them, so that men of the earth shall no more oppress; and especially at the last judgment, he, the righteous Judge, will render tribulation to them that have troubled his people, and set the crown of righteousness on their heads; see Psalm 10:18;

which giveth food to the hungry: in a literal sense he gave manna and quails to the hungry Israelites in the wilderness, fed five thousand with five loaves and two small fishes, and four thousand with seven loaves and a few fishes, when here on earth; and in a spiritual sense, to such as are in a starving and famishing condition, and hunger and thirst after righteousness, he gives himself, the bread of life, and his grace, the water of life; he gives them to eat of the hidden manna, and of the tree of life; he gives them his word, his Gospel, which is milk for babes and meat for strong men; he gives them his ordinances, which are a feast of fat things, and so he tills and satisfies their hungry souls;

the Lord looseth the prisoners: such as were bound by diseases and infirmities of body, he loosed in the days of his flesh here; and some that were held with the cords of death he raised from the dead, Luke 13:11; and his people, who are in a spiritual sense prisoners of sin, Satan, and the law, being shut up and held under by them, he proclaims liberty to them, and the opening the prison to them that are bound; he opens the prison doors, and says to the prisoners, Go forth; he delivers them from the power of sin, the slavery of Satan, and the bondage of the law, and brings them into a state of liberty, Isaiah 61:1; yea, all the prisoners in the grave he will loose at the last day; he has the key of hell and death, and will open those prisons and set them free; they shall come forth, some to the resurrection of life, and others to the resurrection of damnation.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/psalms-146.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Which executeth judgment e for the oppressed: which giveth food to the hungry. The LORD looseth the prisoners:

(e) Whose faith and patience for a while he tries but at length he punishes the adversaries, that he may be known to be the judge of the world.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/psalms-146.html. 1599-1645.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

7.Rendering right, etc. He instances other kinds both of the power and goodness of God, which are just so many reasons why we should hope in him. All of them bear upon the point, that the help of God will be ready and forthcoming to those who are in the lowest circumstances, that accordingly our miseries will be no barrier in the way of his helping us; nay, that such is his nature, that he is disposed to assist all in proportion to their necessity. He says first, that God renders justice to the oppressed, to remind us that although in the judgment of sense God connives at the injuries done to us, he will not neglect the duty which properly belongs to him of forcing the wicked to give an account of their violence. As God, in short, would have the patience of his people tried, he here expressly calls upon the afflicted not to faint under their troubles, but composedly wait for deliverance from one who is slow in interposing, only that he may appear eventually as the righteous judge of the world. It follows, that he gives bread to the hungry. We learn from this that he is not always so indulgent to his own as to load them with abundance, but occasionally withdraws his blessing, that he may succor them when reduced to hunger. Had the Psalmist said that God fed his people with abundance, and pampered them, would not any of those under want or in famine have immediately desponded? The goodness of God is therefore properly extended farther to the feeding of the hungry. What is added is to the same purpose — that he looses them that are bound, and enlightens the blind. As it is the fate of his people to be straitened by anxiety, or pressed down by human tyranny, or reduced to extremity, in a manner equivalent to being shut up in the worst of dungeons, it was necessary to announce, by way of comfort, that God can easily find an outgate for us when brought into such straits. To enlighten the blind is the same with giving light in the midst of darkness. When at any time we know not what to do — are in perplexity, and lie confounded and dismayed, as if the darkness of death had fallen upon us — let us learn to ascribe this title to God, that he may dissipate the gloom and open our eyes. So when he is said to raise up the bowed down, we are taught to take courage when weary and groaning under any burden. Nor is it merely that God would here have his praises celebrated; he in a manner stretches out his hand to the blind, the captives, and the afflicted, that they may cast their grief’s and cares upon him. There is a reason for repeating the name Jehovah three times. In this way he stimulates and excites men to seek him who will often rather chafe and pine away in their miseries, than betake themselves to this sure asylum. (288) What is added in the close of the verse — that Jehovah loves the righteous, would seem to be a qualification of what was formerly said. There are evidently many who, though they are grievously afflicted, and groan with anxiety, and lie in darkness, experience no comfort from God; and this because in such circumstances they provoke God more by their contumacy, and by failing for the most part to seek his mercy, reap the just reward of their unthankfulness. The Psalmist therefore very properly restricts what he had said in general terms of God’s helping the afflicted, to the righteous — that those who wish to experience his deliverance, may address themselves to him in the sincere exercise of godliness.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/psalms-146.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Psalms 146:7 Which executeth judgment for the oppressed: which giveth food to the hungry. The LORD looseth the prisoners:

Ver. 7. Which executeth judgment] Vindicat violatos. This should draw custom and company about him; as all that were in distress fled to David, and he became their captain.

Which giveth food to the hungry] As he did to Elijah, by the ravens; to Hunniades, by his shepherd, with whom he supped on coarse fare, and found it sweet; to the town of Rochel, by a shoal of fish extraordinarily cast up into it by the tide, when they were straitly besieged and distressed.

The Lord looseth the prisoners] As he did Peter, Acts 12:7-11, and still he knoweth how to deliver his, saith the same Peter, who could speak it by good experience, 2 Peter 2:9.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/psalms-146.html. 1865-1868.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7. The five lines beginning with The Lord, etc., Psalms 146:7, are, in Hebrew, of three words each, forming a beautiful and peculiar strain, which may be read as one verse. Thus:

Jehovah looseth [the] prisoners,

Jehovah openeth [the eyes of the] blind,

Jehovah raiseth [the] depressed,

Jehovah loveth [the] righteous,

Jehovah keepeth strangers.

The words in brackets are not in the original, but are implied.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/psalms-146.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Praise. Literally, "confession," (Haydock) including both compunction and praise. (Berthier)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/psalms-146.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

food. Hebrew bread. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), App-6, for food in general.

the. No Art. in Hebrew


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-146.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Which executeth judgment for the oppressed: which giveth food to the hungry. The LORD looseth the prisoners:

Which executeth judgment for the oppressed (Psalms 103:6) - i:e., for His own people when oppressed.

Which giveth food to the hungry - (Psalms 37:19; Psalms 107:5; Psalms 107:9.)

The Lord looseth the prisoners. Psalms 142:7 is the prayer, "Bring my soul out of prison:" this is the answer (Psalms 107:10; Psalms 107:14).


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Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/psalms-146.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(7) Comp. Psalms 103:6; Psalms 104:27; Psalms 107:9; Psalms 136:25; Isaiah 55:1.

Here follow five lines, each beginning with the Divine name, and each consisting of three words, the rhythm prominent in the book of Job.


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/psalms-146.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Which executeth judgment for the oppressed: which giveth food to the hungry. The LORD looseth the prisoners:
executeth
9:16; 10:14,15,18; 12:5; 72:4; 103:6; Proverbs 22:22,23; 23:10,11; Isaiah 9:4; Malachi 3:5
which giveth food
107:9; 136:25; 145:15,16; Jeremiah 31:14; Luke 1:53; 9:17
looseth
68:6; 105:17-20; 107:10,14-16; 142:7; Isaiah 61:1; Zechariah 9:11,12; Luke 4:18; Acts 5:19; 16:26

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 146:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-146.html.

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