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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Psalms 75:7

 

 

But God is the Judge; He puts down one and exalts another.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

But God is the judge - All depends on him, not on the natural advantages of a country; not on human strength, human skill, or human prowess. Whatever may be the natural resources of a country; whatever may be the enterprise, the numbers, or the valor of its inhabitants; whatever alliances of peace or war they may form with other nations, yet success depends on God. He presides over all; he can give success when it is least expected; and he also can humble people when they have made the most ample preparations for success, and anticipate it in the most confident manner.

He putteth down one, and setteth up another - Literal y, “This one he humbles, and this he exalts.” This is true alike of an individual or a nation. The word rendered “setteth up” is the same which is used in Psalm 75:4-6, rendered “Lift up,” and “promotion.” The idea is, that in the matter of” lifting up,” or “promotion,” all depends on God. He is a sovereign, and he confers exaltation, whether of an individual or a nation, as he pleases.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-75.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

"But God is the judge:

He putteth down one, and lifteth up another.

For in the hand of Jehovah there is a cup, and the wine foameth;

It is full of mixture, and he poureth out of the same:

Surely the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall drain them, and drink them.

But I will declare forever,

I will sing praises to the God of Jacob."

God's being mentioned in the third person here indicates that these words are those of the psalmist.

"There is a cup ... all the wicked shall drink" (Psalms 75:8). The wrath of God is frequently represented in the Bible as a cup which wicked men will be compelled to drink; and even in the Book of Revelation God represented the judgment of the apostate church as a cup of the wine of the wrath of God (Revelation 18:6). That this wine is presumably red indicates bloodshed. That it is "mixed" indicates its potency and the diversity of judgments that God may bring upon the wicked. The "cup" is also sometimes used as a symbol of extreme agony and suffering, as when Jesus prayed, "Let this cup pass from me."

"In the hand of Jehovah" (Psalms 75:8). "This is the only place in the psalm where this word for God is used. The other references here are all [~'Elohiym]."[15]


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/psalms-75.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But God is the Judge,.... Or "because God is the Judge"F21כי "quoniam", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus, Musculus; "siquidem", Tigurine version; "quia", Gejerus; so some in Michaelis. ; and so this is another reason why fools should not deal foolishly, nor wicked men lift up the horn, and speak with a stiff neck, because there is a Judge to whom they are accountable for their words and actions; and this Judge is God omniscient, knows all persons and things, searches the heart and tries the reins, will bring every secret thing into judgment, bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and make manifest the counsels of the heart; omnipotent, able to do all things, raise the dead, call to judgment, bring all before him, pass the sentences, and execute them; omnipresent, there is no fleeing from him, nor escaping his righteous judgment; holy, just, and true, who will render to every man according to his works:

he putteth down one, and setteth up another; he humbles or brings one low, such as are proud, haughty, and arrogant; and he exalts another, such as are lowly and humble: this he does in providence, he removes kings, and sets up kings; puts down the mighty from their seats, and exalts them of low degree, Daniel 2:21, he has many ways to mortify the proud, by inflicting diseases on their bodies, by stripping them of their honour and wealth, and by bringing them into disgrace among men: and this he does in grace; such as are stout hearted and far from righteousness, and will not submit to the righteousness of Christ, he brings them to it; and those whom he makes humble by his grace, he raises to a high estate, to be kings and priests, and to sit among princes, and to inherit a throne of glory. This might be exemplified in Jews and Gentiles; he has stripped the one of their privileges, and put them down from their civil and church state, and raised up the other to be his church and people; and also in antichrist and the true church of Christ; he will ere long put down the one, that sits as a queen, and exalt the other, when she shall be as a bride adorned for her husband, having the glory of God upon her.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/psalms-75.html. 1999.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

A PSALM OF THE DIVINE JUDGMENT

‘God is the Judge.’

Psalms 75:7

This psalm celebrates God’s judgment in history, especially on the heathen. It has been thought to refer to the overthrow of Sennacherib.

I. First, we have the national voice giving thanks for the judgment about to fall.—His Name is near, He is not afar off. ‘A present help is He.’

II. The Almighty’s voice is heard proclaiming His intention to bear up the world though the pillars thereof are dissolved and bow to their fall.—Oh! do not lose heart. At the supreme moment, when the solid framework of society and of the world seems on the point of dissolution, a strong hand is thrust out to grasp the tottering pillars, and stay their fall.

III. The Psalmist’s voice takes up the strain.—The proud Assyrian had placed his throne in the northern hills, attributing his power to his sun-god. But no, his power originates in nothing short of God. Not the orient, nor meridian, nor occidental rays of the sun give him his power. All is due to God, Who uses him for a little while for the testing and chastisement of his people. And when the Divine purpose is fulfilled, He will cause him to drink of the cup of His wrath.

Let us learn to detect the movement of the Divine Providence in the turbulent course of human government, and believe that the end will be the cutting off of the boast of the wicked and the exaltation of the righteous.

Illustration

‘Here is an eternal truth with which we would not part: God must hate sin and be forever sin’s enemy. Because He is the Lord of love, therefore must He be a consuming fire to evil; God is against evil, but for us; if, then, we sin He must be against us; in sinning we identify ourselves with evil, therefore we must endure the consuming fire. In this soft age in which we live it is good to fall back on the first principles of everlasting truth. We have come to think that education may be maintained by mere laws of love instead of discipline, and that public punishment may be abolished. When you have once got rid of the idea of public punishment, then by degrees you will also get rid of the idea of sin; where is it written in the Word of God that the sword of His minister is to be borne in vain? In this world of groaning and of anguish, tell us where it is that the law which links suffering to sin has ceased to act?’


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Bibliography
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". Church Pulpit Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/psalms-75.html. 1876.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Psalms 75:7 But God [is] the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.

Ver. 7. But God is the judge] He sitteth at the stern, and ordereth all human affairs according to the good pleasure of his will.

He putteth down one, and setteth up another] As was seen in Saul and David, in the four great monarchies, in Bajazet and Tamerlane, besides many others. Virtue exalteth the meanest, when villany tumbleth down the mightiest. Agathocles, the son of a potter, became king of Sicily. Valentinian, the son of a rope maker, became emperor of Rome. Justinus was first a swine herder, then a herdsman, then a carpenter, a soldier, and after all, an emperor. If Alexander, to show his greatness, advanced Abdolominus from a poor gardener to be king in Sidon, what cannot the Lord do? Tamerlane having overcome Bajazet, asked him whether ever he had given God thanks for making him so great an emperor? who confessed ingenuously he never thought of it. To whom Tamerlane replied, that it was no wonder so ungrateful a man should be made a spectacle of misery. For you, said he, being blind of one eye, and I lame of a leg, was there any worth in us why God should set us over two great empires of Turks and Tartars, to command many more worthy than ourselves?


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/psalms-75.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The judge, to wit, the righteous Judge, and supreme Lord and Governor of all the kingdoms of the world, giving them to whomsoever he pleaseth. It is he who hath rejected Saul and his family, and put me in his stead. And who art thou that disputest with God, and resistest his declared will?


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/psalms-75.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7. God is… judge—Comp. 1 Samuel 2:6-8


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/psalms-75.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Mounted. Hebrew, "the chariot and horse." (Calmet) --- But the riders are meant. (Berthier) --- Rabsaces had boasted, that Ezechias could not find men to mount 2,000 horses, if he should give them to him, 4 Kings xviii. 23. (Calmet) --- But God chastised his vain boasting. (Haydock) --- While he defends his people, their enemies seem to slumber. (Worthington)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/psalms-75.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

But = No.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-75.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But God is the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.
God
50:6; 58:11
he putteth
113:7,8; 1 Samuel 2:7,8; 15:23,28; 16:1; 2 Samuel 3:17,18; 5:2; 6:21; Jeremiah 27:4-8; Daniel 2:22,37; 5:18; Luke 1:52; John 15:16; Romans 11:15; Galatians 1:15

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 75:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-75.html.

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