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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Psalms 77:17

 

 

The clouds poured out water; The skies gave forth a sound; Your arrows flashed here and there.

Adam Clarke Commentary

The clouds poured out water - It appears from this that there was a violent tempest at the time of the passage of the Red Sea. There was a violent storm of thunder, lightning, and rain. These three things are distinctly marked here.

  1. "The skies sent out a sound:" the Thunder.
  • "Thine arrows went abroad:" the Lightning.
  • "The clouds poured out water:" the Rain. In the next verse we have,
  • 4. An Earthquake: "The earth trembled and shook," Psalm 77:18.


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    Bibliography
    Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/psalms-77.html. 1832.

    Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

    The clouds poured out water - Margin, “The clouds were poured forth with water.” The translation in the text is the more correct. This is a description of a storm; but to what particular storm in history does not appear. It was evidently some exhibition of the divine greatness and power in delivering the children of Israel, and may have referred to the extraordinary manifestation of God at Mount Sinai, amidst lightnings, and thunders, and tempests. Exodus 19:16. For a general description of a storm, as illustrating this passage, see Job 36:26-33, notes; Job 37:1-5, notes; and Psalm 29:1-11.

    The skies sent out a sound - The voice of thunder, which seems to come from the sky.

    Thine arrows also - The lightnings - compared with burning or ignited arrows. Such arrows were anciently used in war. They were bound round with rags, and dipped in some combustible substance - as turpentine - and shot into houses, grain-fields, haystacks, or towns, for the purpose of setting them on fire. It was not unnatural to compare the rapid lightnings with such blazing arrows.

    Went abroad - They moved rapidly in all directions.


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    Bibliography
    Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-77.html. 1870.

    John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

    The clouds poured out water,.... This, with some other circumstances which follow, are not related by Moses in the history of this affair; but as they are here recorded by an inspired penman, there is no doubt to be made of the truth of them; besides JosephusF1Antiqu. l. 2. c. 16. sect. 3. relates the same things; he says, that at the time when the Egyptians were drowned in the Red sea, rains descended from heaven, and there were terrible thunders, lightnings, and thunderbolts; this was when the Lord looked through the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, Exodus 14:24,

    the skies sent out a sound; or the airy clouds, the lighter ones, and which were higher in the heavens, as the others before mentioned were thick clouds, full of water, and hung lower; these were thunderclouds, and thunder is the sound which they sent forth, as in the following verse:

    thine arrows also went abroad: that is, lightnings, as in Psalm 18:14, so Aben Ezra; but Kimchi interprets them of hailstones.


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    The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
    A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

    Bibliography
    Gill, John. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/psalms-77.html. 1999.

    Geneva Study Bible

    The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a l sound: thine arrows also went abroad.

    (l) That is, thundered and lightninged.

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    Bibliography
    Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/psalms-77.html. 1599-1645.

    Wesley's Explanatory Notes

    The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: thine arrows also went abroad.

    Poured — When the Israelites passed over the sea.

    Arrows — Hail-stones or lightnings.


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    These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

    Bibliography
    Wesley, John. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/psalms-77.html. 1765.

    Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

    17.The clouds poured out waters. As the noun מים, mayim, cannot be taken in the construct state, the verb, I have no doubt, is put transitively; but it makes little difference as to the sense, whether we take this view, or read as if מים, mayim, were in the construct state and the verb passive; that is, whether we read, The clouds poured out waters, or, The waters of the clouds were poured out. The meaning obviously is, that not only the sea and the river Jordan, but also the waters which were suspended in the clouds, yielded to God the honor to which he is entitled, the air, by the concussion of the thunder, having poured forth copious showers. The object is to show, that, to whatever quarter men turn their eyes, the glory of God is illustriously manifested, that it is so in every part of creation, above and beneath, from the height of heaven to the depths of the sea. What history is here referred to is involved in some degree of uncertainty. (304) Perhaps it is that which is recorded in Exodus 9:23; where we are informed, that hail mingled with thunder and lightning was one of the dreadful plagues inflicted upon the Egyptians. The arrows which went abroad are, no doubt, to be taken metaphorically for lightnings. With this verse we are to connect the following, in which it is said, that the voice of the thunder was heard in the air, and that the lightnings illumined the world, so that the earth trembled The amount is, that at the departure of the people from Egypt, ample testimony was borne to the power of God, both to the eyes and the ears of men; peals of thunder having been heard in every quarter of the heavens, and the whole sky having shone with flashes of lightning, while at the same time the earth was made to tremble.


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    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography
    Calvin, John. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/psalms-77.html. 1840-57.

    John Trapp Complete Commentary

    Psalms 77:17 The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: thine arrows also went abroad.

    Ver. 17. The clouds poured out water, the skies, &c.] Calvin taketh this to be a description of that hideous tempest, Exodus 9:18-26, the seventh plague of Egypt. But others with more probability hold, that the prophet here hath respect to that very time mentioned in the former verse, when the Lord looked upon the host of the Egyptians out of the fiery and cloudy pillar, and so troubled and turmoiled them with stormy tempests, that their chariot wheels fell off, and themselves sank as lead in the mighty waters, Exodus 14:24-25; Exodus 15:10. Of these terrible tempests mention is made also by Justin.


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    Bibliography
    Trapp, John. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/psalms-77.html. 1865-1868.

    Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

    The clouds poured out water, when the Israelites passed over the sea; in respect whereof the Israelites are said to have been baptized in the cloud (i.e. sprinkled with water poured forth from the clouds) and in the sea, 1 Corinthians 10:2.

    Thine arrows; either hail-stones, or rather lightnings or thunder-bolts, which are called Gods arrows, Psalms 18:14 144:6.


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    These files are public domain.
    Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

    Bibliography
    Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/psalms-77.html. 1685.

    Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

    17. The clouds poured out water—The rain refers to the desert life of the people, not to the passage of the Red Sea, which was not in a thunderstorm. Psalms 68:7-9, where see note.

    A sound—Thunder.

    Arrows—Lightnings. A beautiful poetic conception. Psalms 77:18; Habakkuk 3:11; Psalms 18:14


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.
    Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

    Bibliography
    Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/psalms-77.html. 1874-1909.

    E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

    clouds = the thick or dark clouds.

    arrows. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for lightnings, mentioned below.


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.
    Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

    Bibliography
    Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-77.html. 1909-1922.

    Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

    The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: thine arrows also went abroad.

    The clouds poured out water. So the English version rightly; not as margin, passively.

    The skies sent out a sound - namely, thunder.

    Thine arrows also went abroad - God's arrow-like lightnings (Psalms 77:18; Habakkuk 3:11; Psalms 18:14). The thunderstorm here described, though it did not accompany the passage of Israel through the Red Sea, yet is implied in the account (Exodus 14:24) of the destruction of their Egyptian enemies immediately after. So it forms part of the couragement under the present trial.


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.
    Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

    Bibliography
    Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/psalms-77.html. 1871-8.

    Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

    The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: thine arrows also went abroad.
    poured out like water
    Heb. were poured forth with water.
    68:8,9
    thine
    18:14; 144:6; 2 Samuel 22:15; Habakkuk 3:11

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    Bibliography
    Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 77:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-77.html.

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