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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Psalms 77:18

 

 

The sound of Your thunder was in the whirlwind; The lightnings lit up the world; The earth trembled and shook.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven - Compare the notes at Psalm 29:1-11. The word rendered “heaven” here - גלגל galgal - means properly “a wheel,” as of a chariot, Isaiah 5:28; Ezekiel 10:2, Ezekiel 10:6; Ezekiel 23:24; Ezekiel 26:10. Then it means a “whirlwind,” as that which rolls along, Ezekiel 10:13. Then it is used to denote chaff or stubble, as driven along before a whirlwind, Psalm 83:13; Isaiah 17:13. It is never used to denote heaven. It means here, undoubtedly, the whirlwind; and the idea is, that in the ragings of the storm, or of the whirlwind, the voice of God was heard - the deep bellowing thunder - as if God spoke to people.

The lightnings lightened the world - The whole earth seemed to be in a blaze.

The earth trembled and shook - See the notes at Psalm 29:1-11.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-77.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven,.... Thunder is the voice of God, Job 37:5 this is heard in "the orb"F2בגלגל "in rotunditate", Montanus, Vatablus; "in isto orbe", Junius & Tremeullis; "in orbe", Cocceius; "in sphaera", Arab. , or the air, so called, because spherical; the Targum is

"the voice of thy thunder was heard in the wheel;'

so the word here used sometimes signifies; so Ezekiel 10:13, and is so rendered here by someF3"In rota", Pagninus, Tigurine version, Musculus, Gejerus; "in rotis", Muis, Syr. vid. Suidam in voce τροχος. ; some think this refers to the wheels of the chariots of the Egyptians, which were taken off, it may be by the force of thunder and lightning, so that they drove on heavily, Exodus 14:25,

the lightnings lightened the world; not only that part of the world where the Israelites and Egyptians were, but the whole world; for lightning comes out of the east, and shines to the west, Matthew 24:27, this was in the night, and a very dark night it was, as JosephusF4Ut supra. (Antiq. l. 2. c. 16. sect. 3.) affirms; see Psalm 97:4,

the earth trembled and shook; there was an earthquake at the same time; unless this is to be understood of the panic which the inhabitants of the earth were put into on hearing of this wonderful event, Joshua 2:9.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/psalms-77.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Psalms 77:18 The voice of thy thunder [was] in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook.

Ver. 18. The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven] Heb. in the sphere or round orb of the air. Of the thunder in the air, see Job 37:2-5, Psalms 29:1-11 This made the Egyptians say, Let us flee, for God fighteth for Israel against us.

The lightnings lightened the world] Such flakes of fire there were with flashes of lightning, as darkened the sun, and made the whole heaven seem to be on a light fire.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/psalms-77.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

This tempest is not particularly recorded in its proper place, yet it may well be gathered from what is said Exodus 14:24,25, and is in effect acknowledged by Josephus in his history. And this is no new thing in Scripture, for some circumstances of history omitted in the first and properest places to be supplied in following passages; whereof instances have been already given.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/psalms-77.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

18. Earth trembled and shook—A description of an earthquake, which associates literally with Sinai, not the Red Sea. See Exodus 19:18; Exodus 20:18; Hebrews 12:18-19


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/psalms-77.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Desires. Literally, "souls," as if they were dying for hunger, though they had plenty of manna, Numbers xi. 4. (Calmet)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/psalms-77.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

was in the heaven. Hebrew. galgal = rolled along.

The. Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulg, read "Thy".

lightened = illumined.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-77.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook.

The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven ( bagalgal (Hebrew #1534)) - literally, 'in the wheel;' in the sphere; implying the phenomenal rotation of the visible heaven around the earth. The Septuagint, Chaldaic, Vulgate, and Ethiopic translate, 'was in a wheel' (as the same Hebrew means in Psalms 83:13; Ezekiel 10:13) - i:e., was in a whirl; whirled round, or rolled about, with rapid peals in succession.


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Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/psalms-77.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(18) In the heavens.—Literally, in the vault. The Hebrew, galgal, from gâlal, “to roll,” has the same derivation as “vault” (volutum, from volvo). It is strange that this rendering, which so well suits the parallelism, should have been set aside by modern scholars in favour of “whirlwind” or “rolling chariot wheels.” The LXX. and Vulg. have “wheel,” but possibly with reference to the apparent revolution of the sky. The word, where it occurs in Isaiah 17:13, means something rolled by the whirlwind, not the whirlwind itself.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/psalms-77.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook.
voice
29:3-9; Exodus 19:16; Job 37:1-5; Revelation 11:19
lightnings
97:4; Habakkuk 3:4; Revelation 18:1
earth
Exodus 19:18; 2 Samuel 22:8,14; Matthew 27:51; 28:2; Revelation 20:11

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 77:18". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-77.html.

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