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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ruth 3:11

 

 

"Now, my daughter, do not fear. I will do for you whatever you ask, for all my people in the city know that you are a woman of excellence.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And now, my daughter, fear not,.... Either of being forced and defiled, to which he had exposed herself by lying down at a man's feet, or of being reproached as an immodest woman for so doing, or of being despised as a poor woman, and of not succeeding in her suit and enterprise:

and I will do to thee all that thou requirest; which could be done according to the law of God, and without injury to another person after mentioned:

for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman; or righteous, as the Targum; a good woman, possessed of grace and virtue, having every agreeable qualification to recommend to the marriage state; and therefore, should they come to the knowledge of the step taken to obtain it, will never reproach thee for it, nor blame me for marrying a person, though poor, of such an excellent character, which, by her conduct and behaviour, was universally established. It is in the original text, "all the gate of my people"F21כל־שער עמי "tota porta populi mei", Montanus; so Vatablus, Tigurine version. ; meaning either all the people that pass through the gate of the city, that is, all the inhabitants of it, or the whole court of judicature, the elders of the city, that sit in judgment there, as was usual in gates of cities, see 4:1. So the Targum,"it is manifest before all that sit in the gate of the great sanhedrim of my people that thou art a righteous woman'


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ruth-3.html. 1999.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

A NOBLE KINSMAN

‘I will do to thee all that thou requirest.’

Ruth 3:11

It was the Eastern custom for the farmer to remain all night on the threshingfloor, partly to protect his goods, and partly to make the most of the evening breeze for the purpose of winnowing.

I. Boaz, industrious and prudent as he was, slept out among his own work-people.—This is the time chosen by Naomi when Ruth should claim his protection. The busy day, when the labourers were working and the master’s attention was required in one part of the field and then in another, offered no fitting opportunity; but in the quiet night she may gain an opportunity of putting forward the claim. Ruth accordingly goes to where Boaz is lying, with his head resting upon a heap of corn and his long robe gathered round his feet, and lifting the skirt of the ample robe, lies down at his feet. A man who is sleeping out of doors purposely to watch his corn and protect it from robbers would soon become dimly conscious that some one was near. Boaz turns; there is some one there; he reaches out his hand; there is some one; and seriously he asks, ‘Who’s there?’ ‘I, Ruth,’ is the answer, ‘come to seek your aid, for you are one who has the right to redeem,’ i.e. the land; but Boaz knows that the duty extended to marriage as well as the buying of the land. Was there any secret sorrow in the life of Boaz? Had he met with bitter experience of womanhood? Is there not the ring of an ancient sorrow in his words? (Ruth 3:10.) Has he found woman self-seeking and frivolous? or is he one of those men who, though rich, has such a lowly opinion of himself that he thinks no young woman will care to cast in her lot with his? and why should they, when there are young and warmhearted men around them? Something of this kind seems to be suggested by the glad way in which he welcomed Ruth’s claim. He felt that there was some sacrifice on her part, and valued the gentle goodness and loyal obedience which Ruth had displayed.

Accordingly, while Ruth, laden with corn, trudges back to Naomi, Boaz is on his way to the city to put the law in motion.

II. And so Boaz became a shelter and protection to Ruth.—The dignity and force, the gentleness and self-restraint of his character made him as one who became a shelter indeed to the lonely exile from Moab. His name meant strength; and like the pillar (also called Boaz) which stood at the entrance of the Temple, he was a tower of strength to the heart of the fair Moabitess whom he had made his wife. The Temple pillar itself must have given voice to some memories which lingered in Israelitish minds of that high-minded, gentle-souled, and courageous Boaz, who had not been merely mighty in his own day, but who was the very one from whom sprang a race of heroes and of kings. The secret of his strength lay in his faith. To him the thought of God was no mere formal thing. God, to him, was a protector, the shelter, the guardian of human life; beneath His wings all human beings were safe. He welcomes Ruth to that shelter which he knew and which he had tried—the shelter of the God of Israel, under whose wings she had come to trust.

It is this high confidence and faith which gives to men strength. It is this which calms the emotions of the heart and softens the asperities of the character. For faith in its very nature strengthens and soothes, and the man who possesses it can not only meet the dangers of the world with courage, but the trifling anxieties of life with calmness. Circumstances may do much to soften the manner, and ease and wealth, perchance, do give placidity of disposition and foster quietness of demeanour: but faith alone can give that confidence of heart which remains calm amid the waves of this troublesome world.

—Bishop Boyd Carpenter.

Illustrations

(1) ‘There was no such indelicacy in Ruth’s approach to Boaz as would appear if judged by our Western habits. In the East men and women sleep in the garments which they wear by day, and servants frequently sleep in the same chamber or tent with their master. Besides which, in the eye of Hebrew law, Ruth could account herself as bound by marriage ties to Boaz, who, as the supposed next of kin to her deceased husband, was bound to take her to wife.’

(2) ‘Few lives have been governed more in little things by the simple sense of right than those of Ruth and Boaz. “Is it right? Then it must be done.” This is the word of duty; and faith comes in with another word: Then it must be best, too. It is not right to leave Naomi to go to Bethlehem alone; therefore Ruth goes. It is not right that we should live by begging; therefore Ruth works for her living. “I might glean, but is it right?” so, to make sure, she asks permission of the bailiff. Is it right to claim the protection of Boaz? Then she will claim it.’

(3) ‘The third chapter we may entitle, “Rest,” and the word is found in both the first and last verses of the chapter. The manner in which the betrothal of Ruth and Boaz is brought about must not be judged by Western ideas of propriety. There was doubtless purity and delicacy in every particular. When a follower of Jesus lies at the feet of our Blessed Kinsman, Christ, listening to hear what He shall say, true rest of heart will assuredly be found.’


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Bibliography
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". Church Pulpit Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/ruth-3.html. 1876.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ruth 3:11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou [art] a virtuous woman.

Ver. 11. And now, my daughter, fear not.] That I will either reproach thee, or reject thee; mine affection is no whit alienated from thee by thy present practice; which though it hath a show of evil, yet I know that it proceedeth not from lightness or lust.

I will do to thee all that thou requirest.] The desires of the righteous shall be satisfied. [Proverbs 10:24] Let men bring but lawful requests and honest hearts, and they may have anything. Here Boaz betrotheth Ruth conditionally.

For all the city of my people know.] Heb., All the gate. Her works had praised her in the gates: [Proverbs 31:31] she was eminently and eximiously virtuous.

That thou art a virtuous woman.] Praised by all, and therefore prized by me "above rubies." But now-a-days, Virtus post nummos. In suits both of law and love: money carrieth it.

Haud facile invenias multis e millibus unum,

Virtutem precium qui putat esse sui. ”


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ruth-3.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Fear not; think not that I despise and reject thee, because I do not immediately comply with thy desire.

I will do to thee all that thou requirest, i.e. marry thee, upon the condition here following.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ruth-3.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

11. A virtuous woman — Literally, a woman of strength. It corresponds with the common expression, man of valour. Ruth was strong in all that constitutes female excellence and worth. She was not merely virtuous, in the sense of chaste, but she was full of virtues. “Boaz, no doubt, knew her general character, and knew also that in the present instance she acted in accordance with the advice of her mother in law, who had taught her that she not only had a right to claim Boaz for her husband, but that she was precluded by the law of God from forming any other reputable connexion. Boaz also remembered that he was old, and she young and attractive; and, though from the heathen Moabites, yet she preferred to walk in the sober path of honest married life rather than to associate with the young and the gay, by whom, it is intimated, she had been tempted. He was therefore fully justified in ascribing to this very act an honourable and virtuous principle, notwithstanding the apparent violation of modesty and propriety; and in this he judged correctly, for such was the fact.” — Thomson.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ruth-3.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

And now, my daughter, don’t be afraid. I will do to you all that you say, for all the city (literally ‘the gate’) of my people know that you are a worthy woman.”

He then assured her that as far as it lay within his power he would do what she had requested, because she had a reputation among all the people of Bethlehem as being a worthy woman. ‘All the gate of my people.’ The gate was the place where people met and conversed, and where the elders made decisions and judged the rights and wrongs of people. Thus her reputation was good among the people, and equally among those most competent to judge.

There is a play on words here in that Boaz had been declared to be ‘a man of chayil (wealth)’, see Ruth 2:1, and now Ruth is declared to be ‘a woman of chayil (worthiness)’. Both were getting a good bargain.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/ruth-3.html. 2013.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Woman. Virtuous here may denote, "strong, generous," &c., Proverbs xxxi. 10. (Calmet) --- But it includes the assemblage of all virtues. (Haydock).


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ruth-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

thou requirest = thou shalt say. Some codices, with Aramaean, Syriac, and Vulgate, add "unto me".

city. Hebrew gate, put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part) for the people assembling there.


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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ruth-3.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) City.—Literally, gate: the constant meeting-place of persons going in and out. (See Genesis 19:1; Genesis 34:20; Genesis 34:24; Deuteronomy 16:18; Deuteronomy 21:19, &c.)


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ruth-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman.
city
Heb. gate.
Proverbs 12:4; 31:10,29-31

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ruth 3:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ruth-3.html.

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