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Easton's Bible Dictionary

Juniper

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(Heb. rothem), called by the Arabs retem, and known as Spanish broom; ranked under the genus genista. It is a desert shrub, and abounds in many parts of Palestine. In the account of his journey from Akabah to Jerusalem, Dr. Robinson says: "This is the largest and most conspicuous shrub of these deserts, growing thickly in the water-courses and valleys. Our Arabs always selected the place of encampment, if possible, in a spot where it grew, in order to be sheltered by it at night from the wind; and during the day, when they often went on in advance of the camels, we found them not unfrequently sitting or sleeping under a bush of retem to shelter them from the sun. It was in this very desert, a day's journey from Beersheba, that the prophet Elijah lay down and slept beneath the same shrub" (1 Kings 19:4,5 ). It afforded material for fuel, and also in cases of extremity for human food (Psalm 120:4 ; Job 30:4 ). One of the encampments in the wilderness of Paran is called Rithmah, i.e., "place of broom" (Numbers 33:18 ).

"The Bedawin of Sinai still burn this very plant into a charcoal which throws out the most intense heat."


Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Juniper'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ebd/j/juniper.html. 1897.

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