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Fausset's Bible Dictionary


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John 19:13. Pilate came out of his own hall to his judgment seat on the "Pavement" (Chaldee Gabbatha ). Josephus (Ant. 15:8, sec. 5) implies that the temple was near the castle of Antonia, and (Ant. 15:11, sec. 5) that Herod's palace was near the castle. Therefore, Pilate's hall, which was part of the palace, was near the castle. From Ant. 6:1, sec. 8, it appears a pavement was near the castle; therefore it was near Pilate's hall. Thus, Josephus circuitously confirms John that near Pilate's residence there was a pavement. It was outside the judgment hall (Praetorium), for Pilate brought forth Jesus from the hall to it. Pilate's "judgment seat" (beema ) was on it, whereon he sentenced our Lord to crucifixion. Gabbatha is related to gibeah , a bore round hill, implying height and roundness; a rounded elevation with tesselated mosaic.

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Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Gabbatha'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. 1949.

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