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Holman Bible Dictionary


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(uhn' tih moh nih) A silvery-white, brittle, metalic chemical element of crystalline structure, found only in combination. It is used in alloys with other metals to harden them and increase their resistance to chemical actions. Compounds of antimony are used in medicines, pigments, matches, and fireproofing. In the NRSV and the NAS antimony is used as a translation of the Hebrew terms abne-puk to describe the materials used to build the Temple ( 1 Chronicles 29:2 ; see Isaiah 54:11 ; NIV has turquoise; REB and TEV stones for mosaic work; KJV, glistering stones and stones with fair colors, respectively). It is likely that abne-puk refers to some sort of cement or mortar used in the creation of mosaics, which it is suggested, would make precious stones appear larger and more colorful. In two other passages ( 2 Kings 9:30 ; Jeremiah 4:30 ), puk is consistently translated as eye paint. One of Job's daughters was named Keren-hapuk—that is, “horn of eye paint” (Job 42:14 ).

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Antimony'. Holman Bible Dictionary. 1991.

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