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Holman Bible Dictionary

Hebrew (Descendent of Eber)

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(hee' brew) A descendant of Eber. See Genesis 14:13 ), showing that he belonged to an ethnic group distinct from the Amorites. It distinguished Joseph from the Egyptians and slaves of other ethnic identity (Genesis 39:14 ,Genesis 39:14,39:17 ; Genesis 41:12 ; Genesis 43:32 ). Abraham's land has become the land of the Hebrews (Genesis 40:15 ), and his God, the God of the Hebrews (Exodus 5:3 ). Given the ethnic identity, special laws protected Hebrew slaves (Exodus 21:2 ; Deuteronomy 15:12 ; compare Leviticus 25:40-41 ; Jeremiah 34:8-22 ). After the death of Saul (1 Samuel 29:1 ), the term “Hebrew” does not appear in the historical books, pointing possibly to a distinction between Hebrew as an ethnic term and Israel and/or Judah as a religious and political term for the people of the covenant and of God's nation. See Habiru .


Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Hebrew (Descendent of Eber)'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/hbd/h/hebrew-descendent-of-eber.html. 1991.

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