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Holman Bible Dictionary


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(pi' thahm) Egyptian place name Per-Atum meaning, “mansion or estate of Atum” (an Egyptian god). The only mention of this city in the Bible relates to the plight of the Israelites in Egypt (Exodus 1:11 ). Coupled with the city of Rameses, it becomes an important clue to the Exodus chronology. See Exodus .

Some recognize tell el-Retabah as Pithom, but the predominate opinion seems to see tell el-Maskhutah as Pithom, a religious name given Succoth. Papyrus Anastasi mentions Pithom in a report to Merneptah.

Gary C. Huckabay

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Pithom'. Holman Bible Dictionary. 1991.

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