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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


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BOTTLE . Although glass was not unknown in Palestine in Bible times, the various words rendered ‘bottle’ in AV [Note: Authorized Version.] denote almost exclusively receptacles of skin. In RV [Note: Revised Version.] the NT revisers have wisely introduced skins and wine-skins in the familiar parable ( Matthew 9:17 ||), but their OT collaborators have done so only where, as in Joshua 9:4 ; Joshua 9:13 , the context absolutely required it. These skins of the domestic animals, in particular of the goat, were used not only, as we have seen, for wine, but for water ( Genesis 21:14 ), milk ( Judges 4:19 ), oil, and other liquids. They were doubtless used, as at the present day, both tanned and untanned. In later times (Mishna), the larger skins sometimes received a coating of pitch on the inside, and were furnished at the neck with a reed to serve as a funnel.

The ‘potter’s earthen bottle’ of Jeremiah 19:1 ; Jeremiah 19:10 was a narrow-necked wine-jar, which might also be used for honey ( 1 Kings 14:3 EV [Note: English Version.] ‘cruse’).

A. R. S. Kennedy.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Bottle'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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