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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


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DOVE . The words translated ‘dove’ apply equally to doves and pigeons. In Palestine seven varieties of the Columbœ are found. The most noticeable are: the wood pigeons or ring-doves ( Columba palumbus ), which fly in great flocks all over the land; the turtle-dove ( Turtur communis ), a harbinger of spring, arriving in the land in April ( Jeremiah 8:7 , Song of Solomon 2:12 ); and the palm turtle-dove ( Turtur senegalensis ), which is common in a semi-domesticated state in the streets and courts of Jerusalem. ‘Dove’ is a favourite name of affection ( Song of Solomon 1:15 ; Song of Solomon 4:1 ; Song of Solomon 5:2 ; Song of Solomon 5:12 ; Song of Solomon 6:9 ), and to-day it is one of the commonest names given to girls by Eastern Jewish parents. It is typical of harmlessness ( Matthew 10:16 ), helplessness ( Psalms 74:19 ), and innocence. The last quality doubtless makes it typical of the Holy Spirit ( Matthew 3:16 etc.). Doves were used in sacrifice ( Leviticus 5:7 ; Leviticus 12:6 etc.), and have been kept as pets for long ages.

E. W. G. Masterman.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Dove'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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Doves' Dung
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