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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Gall

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GALL . (1) rôsh , some very bitter plant, Deuteronomy 29:18 , Lamentations 3:19 ; ‘water of gall,’ Jeremiah 8:14 ; Jeremiah 9:16 ; tr. [Note: translate or translation.] ‘hemlock,’ Hosea 10:4 ; ‘poison,’ Job 20:16 . Hemlock ( Conium maculatum ), colocynth ( Citrullus colocynthis ), and the poppy ( Papaver somniferum ) have all been suggested. The last is perhaps most probable. (2) merçrah ( Job 16:16 ) and merôrah ( Job 20:25 ) refer to the bile. The poison of serpents was supposed to lie in their bile ( Job 20:14 ). The gall (Gr. cholç ) of Matthew 27:34 evidently refers to the LXX [Note: Septuagint.] version of Psalms 69:21 , where cholç is tr. [Note: translate or translation.] of rôsh .

E. W. G. Masterman.


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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Gall'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/hdb/g/gall.html. 1909.

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