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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


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HOPHRA . Jeremiah 44:30 ; the Egyptian Wahebrç, Apries of Herodotus, fourth king of the 26th Dyn. ( c [Note: circa, about.] . b.c. 588 569 and grandson of Necho. He, or possibly his predecessor Psammetichus ii., is also referred to as Pharaoh in Jeremiah 37:8 ; Jeremiah 37:7 ; Jeremiah 37:11 , Ezekiel 29:3 etc. Little is certainly known of his reign. Hophra must have been defeated by Nebuchadnezzar in Syria in attempting to resist the progress of the Babylonian army, and he received the fugitives from Palestine after the destruction of Jerusalem in b.c. 586. There is no evidence that Nebuchadnezzar plundered Egypt, as was anticipated by Ezekiel, though he seems to have attacked Hophra’s successor Amasis in b.c. 568 with some success, and may have overrun some part of Lower Egypt. The Syrian and other mercenary soldiers stationed at Elephantine revolted in the reign of Hophra, but were brought again to submission. Another mutiny of the Egyptian soldiery, recorded by Herodotus, resulted in Amasis being put upon the throne as champion of the natives. Hophra relied on the Greek mercenaries, and maintained himself, perhaps in a forced co-regency, in Lower Egypt until the third year of Amasis, when he was defeated and slain.

F. Ll. Griffith.

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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Hophra'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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