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Bible Dictionaries

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

School, Schoolmaster

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SCHOOL, SCHOOLMASTER . ‘School’ occurs in EV [Note: English Version.] only in Acts 19:9 for the lecture-room of an Ephesian rhetorician (cf. Education, p. 204 a ); ‘schoolmaster’ only in Galatians 3:24-25 AV [Note: Authorized Version.] , for which RV [Note: Revised Version.] has ‘tutor.’ The original is paidagĂ´gos , lit. ‘child-conductor,’ ‘pedagogue’ an old and trusty slave, who accompanied the Greek child to and from school and ‘was bound never to lose sight of him, to carry his lyre and tablets, and to keep him out of mischief’ (Gardner and Jevons, Manual of Gr. Antiq . 303). He had nothing to do with the teaching , as is suggested by both the English renderings. The same word is rendered ‘instructors’ in 1 Corinthians 4:15 AV [Note: Authorized Version.] (RV [Note: Revised Version.] , as before, ‘tutors’). In AV [Note: Authorized Version.] the latter word is found only in Galatians 4:2 as the tr. [Note: translate or translation.] of an entirely different word, correctly rendered ‘guardians’ by RV [Note: Revised Version.] . For the duties of guardians in Gr. law see op. cit . 552 f.

A. R. S. Kennedy.

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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'School, Schoolmaster'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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