corner graphic

Bible Dictionaries

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

TAMMUZ ( Ezekiel 8:14 ) was a Babylonian god whose worship spread into Phœnicia. The name appears to be Sumerian, Dumuzi, Tamuzu , and may mean ‘son of life.’ He was a form of the Sun-god and bridegroom of Ishtar. He was celebrated as a shepherd, cut off in early life or slain by the boar (winter). Ishtar descended to Hades to bring him back to life. He was mourned on the second of the month Tammuz (June). His Canaanite name Adonai gave rise to the Greek Adonis , and he was later identified with the Egyptian Osiris. In Amos 8:10 and Zechariah 12:10 the mourning for ‘the only son’ may be a reference to this annual mourning, and the words of the refrain, ‘Ah me, ah me l’ ( Jeremiah 22:18 ) may be recalled.

C. H. W. Johns.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Tammuz'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

Search for…
Enter query in the box:
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

Prev Entry
Next Entry
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology