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Bible Dictionaries

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


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WHEEL . The various parts of a cart or chariot wheel are enumerated in connexion with the bronze wheels of Solomon’s lavers ( 1Ki 7:30 ; 1 Kings 7:32 f.). In RV [Note: Revised Version.] v. 33 reads: ‘And the work of the wheels was like the work of a chariot wheel: their axletrees, and their felloes, and their spokes, and their naves were all molten’ (cf. AV [Note: Authorized Version.] ). In carts and chariots the essential parts were, of course, of wood. The felloes were made in segments dowelled together. For illustt. see Wilkinson. Anc. Egy . i, 234 ff. The finest specimen of a Roman chariot wheel as yet found has the felloe, ‘which is formed of a single piece of wood bent,’ and the nave shod with iron, the latter being also ‘bushed with iron’ (Scott, Hist. Rev ., Oct. 1905, p. 123, with illust.). For the potter’s wheel, see Potter. Wells and cisterns were also furnished with wheels, over which the rope passed for drawing up the water-bucket ( Ecclesiastes 12:6 ). See also Cart, Chariot.

A. R. S. Kennedy.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Wheel'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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