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Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament


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The word occurs in the Authorized Version in two places, 1 Corinthians 12:5 and 2 Corinthians 9:12, in both of which the Revised Version has substituted ‘ministration,’ just as in 2 Corinthians 8:19 f. ‘administer’ (Authorized Version ) has given place to ‘minister’ (Revised Version ; Gr διακονέω). In 1 Corinthians 12:5 and 2 Corinthians 9:12 the word is the translation of Gr. διακονία which originally means ‘the service (or duty) rendered by a διάκονος,’ i.e. a servant, particularly a waiter at table (Lat. minister), who pours out wine to the guests individually. In 1 Corinthians 12:5 the aspect, alluded to is especially that of practical service rendered to a master [including that of ‘deacon’ rendered to our ‘Lord’], whereas in 2 Corinthians 9:12 it is particularly the concrete form of that service which is intended, in its God ward and man-ward aspects.

The administration of the Roman Empire is never directly referred to in the NT, and is best considered under its various aspects (Caesar, Proconsul, etc.).

A. Souter.

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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Administration'. Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament. 1906-1918.

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