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Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament


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WIND (ἄνεμος; πνεῦμα only in John 3:8).—‘The four winds’ (Matthew 24:31, Mark 13:27) is an expression standing for ‘north, south, east, and west,’ the winds in Palestine coming mainly from these directions. These winds retain their character, varied only in degree, throughout the year. The north wind is cold; the west, from the sea, moist; the south, warm; and the east, from the desert, dry. This last is very pleasant in the winter months; but in spring and autumn, when it is prevalent, it is exceedingly oppressive, a few hours often causing every living thing to droop. The popular belief that the most violent winds are from the east is not confirmed by the writer’s experience of over five years in Galilce. The most memorable storm in that period was from the west. See, further, Sea Of Galilee, p. 591.

W. Ewing.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Wind'. Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament. 1906-1918.

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