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CROSS, n. G., L.

1. A gibbet consisting of two pieces of timber placed across each other, either in form of a T or of an X. That on which our Savior suffered, is represented on coins and other monuments, to have been of the former kind.
2. The ensign of the Christian religion and hence figuratively, the religion itself.
3. A monument with a cross upon it to excite devotion, such as were anciently set in market places.
4. Any thing in the form of a cross or gibbet.
5. A line drawn through another.
6. Any thing that thwarts, obstructs, or perplexes hindrance vexation misfortune opposition trial of patience.

Heaven prepares good men with crosses.

7. Money or coin stamped with the figure of a cross.
8. The right side or face of a coin, stamped with a cross.
9. The mark of a cross, instead of a signature, on a deed, formerly impressed by those who could not write.
10. Church lands in Ireland.
11. In theology, the suffering of Christ by crucifixion.

That he might reconcile both to God in one body by the cross. Ephesians 2 .

12. The doctrine of Christs sufferings and of the atonement, or of salvation by Christ.

The preaching of the cross is to them that perish, foolishness. 1 Corinthians 1 . Galatians 5 .

To take up the cross, is to submit to troubles and afflictions from love to Christ.

13. In mining, two nicks cut in the surface of the earth, thus +.

Cross and pile, a play with money, at which it is put to chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up, which bears the cross, or the other which is called pile or reverse.


1. Transverse oblique passing from side to side falling athwart as a cross beam.

The cross refraction of a second prism.

2. Adverse opposite obstructing sometimes with to as an event cross to our inclinations.
3. Perverse untractable as the cross circumstances of a mans temper.
4. Peevish fretful : applied to persons or things as a cross woman or husband a cross answer.
5. Contrary contradictory perplexing.

Contradictions that seem to lie cross and uncouth.

6. Adverse unfortunate.

Behold the cross and unlucky issue of my design.

7. Interchanged as a cross marriage, when a brother and sister intermarry with two persons who have the same relation to each other.
8. Noting what belongs to an adverse party as a cross interrogatory.

CROSS, prep. Athwart transversely over from side to side so as to intersect.

This is admissible in poetry, as an abbreviation of across.


1. To draw or run a line, or lay a body across another as, to cross a word in writing to cross the arms.
2. To erase to cancel as, to cross an account.
3. To make the sign of the cross, as catholics in devotion.
4. To pass from side to side to pass or move over as, to cross a road to cross a river, or the ocean. I crossed the English channel, from Dieppe to Brighton, in a steam-boat, Sept. 18,1824.
5. To thwart to obstruct to hinder to embarrass as, to cross a purpose or design.
6. To counteract to clash or interfere with to be inconsistent with as, natural appetites may cross our principles.
7. To counteract or contravene to hinder by authority to stop. See No. 5.
8. To contradict.
9. To debar or preclude.

To cross the breed of an animal, is to produce young from different varieties of the species.


1. To lie or be athwart.
2. To move or pass laterally, or from one side towards the other, or from place to place, either at right angles or obliquely as, to cross from Nantucket to New Bedford.
3. To be inconsistent as, mens actions d not always cross with reason.

Copyright Statement
Dictionary of Words from the King James Bible. Public Domain. Copy freely.
Material presented was supplied by Brandon Staggs and was derived from the KJV Dictionary found on his website located at
The unabridged 1828 version of this dictionary in the SwordSearcher Bible Software.

Bibliography Information
Entry for 'Cross'. King James Dictionary.

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