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King James Dictionary

Revenge

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REVENGE, revenj'. L. vindex, vindico. See Vindicate.

1. To inflict pain or injury in return for an injury received.

Note. this word and avenge were formerly used as synonymous, and it is so used in the common version of the Scripture, and applied to the Supreme Being. "O Lord - revenge me of my persecutors." Jeremiah 15 . In consequence of a distinction between avenge and revenge which modern usage has introduced, the application of this word to the Supreme Being appears extremely harsh, irreverent and offensive. Revenge is now used in an sense, for the infliction of pain maliciously or illegally avenge for inflicting just punishment.

2. According to modern usage, to inflict pain deliberately and maliciously, contrary to the laws of justice and humanity, in return for injury, pain or evil received to wreak vengeance spitefully on one who injures or offends. We say, to revenge an injury or insult, or with the reciprocal pronoun, to revenge ourselves on an enemy or for an injury, that is, to take vengeance or satisfaction.
3. To vindicate by punishment of an enemy.

The gods are just and will revenge our cause.

According to modern usage, avenge should here be substituted for revenge.

REVENGE, n. revenj'.

1. Return of an injury the deliberate infliction of pain or injury or a person in return for an injury received from him.
2. According to modern usage, a malicious or spiteful infliction of pain or injury, contrary to the laws of justice and christianity, in return for an injury or offense. Revenge is dictated by passion vengeance by justice.
3. The passion which is excited by an injury done or an affront given the desire of inflicting pain on one who has done an injury as, to glut revenge.

Revenge, as the word is now understood, is always contrary to the precepts of Christ.

The indulgence of revenge tends to make men more savage and cruel.


Copyright Statement
Dictionary of Words from the King James Bible. Public Domain. Copy freely.
Material presented was supplied by Brandon Staggs and was derived from the KJV Dictionary found on his website located at av1611.com.
The unabridged 1828 version of this dictionary in the SwordSearcher Bible Software.

Bibliography Information
Entry for 'Revenge'. King James Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/kjd/r/revenge.html.

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