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Morrish Bible Dictionary


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In the A.V. this is the translation of

1. sheol, which is often translated, 'grave,' and three times it is 'pit.' It refers to an invisible place or state, which may have several applications, according to the connection of each passage. Korah and his company and their houses went down into 'sheol.' Numbers 16:33 . Jonah said, "Out of the belly of 'sheol' cried I" Jonah 2:2 . "The wicked shall be turned into sheol." Psalm 9:17 . "Let them go down quick into 'sheol,' for wickedness is in their dwellings." Psalm 55:15 ; Proverbs 7:27 . But for the redemption which faith looked for 'sheol' must have had to O.T. saints the character of eternal punishment, and so finally 'hades' will be cast into the lake of fire. The word also refers to the place of departed spirits. The Lord said, "Thou wilt not leave my soul in 'sheol.'" Psalm 16:10 . This signification corresponds with

2. ἅδης, hades, which occurs where this last passage is quoted in Acts 2:27,31 ; and has the same meaning in other passages: Matthew 11:23 ; Matthew 16:18 ; Luke 16:23 ; Revelation 1:18 ; Revelation 6:8 ; Revelation 20:13,14 .

3. γέεννα, Gehenna, the Greek equivalent for two Hebrew words, signifying 'valley of Hinnom.' It was the place near Jerusalem where the Jews made their children pass through fire to heathen gods, and which was afterwards defiled. 2 Kings 23:10 . A continual fire made it a fit emblem of the place of eternal punishment. Matthew 5:22,29,30 ; Matthew 10:28 ; Matthew 18:9 ; Matthew 23:15,33 ; Mark 9:43,45,47 ; Luke 12:5 ; James 3:6 . The above-named place of defilement and fire is also called in the O.T. TOPHETor TOPHETH. 2 Kings 23:10 ; Isaiah 30:33 ; Jeremiah 19:13 .

4. ταρταρόω, 'to cast into Tartarus,' a term used by heathen writers for the 'deepest abyss of the infernal regions,' a place of extreme darkness. 2 Peter 2:4 : cf. 2 Peter 2:17 and Jude 13 .

Whatever figurative meaning there may be in the use of any of the above words, it is plain and certain from scripture that there is a place of everlasting punishment. It is awfully described as the LAKE OF FIRE, 'the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone.' Revelation 19:20 ; Revelation 20:10,15 ; Revelation 21:8 . It was prepared for the devil and his angels, but into it the wicked also will be cast. Matthew 13:40,42 ; Matthew 25:41 ; 2 Peter 2:4 ; Jude 6 , etc. See ETERNAL.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Morrish, George. Entry for 'Hell '. Morrish Bible Dictionary. 1897.

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