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Bible Dictionaries

Morrish Bible Dictionary


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The word most frequently translated 'scarlet' is shani, and this is often accompanied by the word tolaath, 'worm or grub,' apparently intimating that the colour was obtained from some insect, as it is now from the cochineal. Scarlet was much used in the needlework and hangings of the tabernacle, in conjunction with blue and purple; but there it apparently refers to some fabric of the colour of scarlet. If the purple be taken as symbolical of royalty and universal dominion, the scarlet may signify earthly grandeur and Israelitish royalty. Exodus 39:1-29 ; Joshua 2:18,21 ; 2 Samuel 1:24 ; Proverbs 31:21 ; Song of Solomon 4:3 ; Isaiah 1:18 . In the N.T. they clothed the Lord in a scarlet robe, κόκκινος, Matthew 27:28 (it is 'purple' in Mark and John: it may have been an old faded robe that could be called either). Scarlet is also employed with purple to point out the earthly grandeur of Papal Rome. Revelation 17:3,4 ; Revelation 18:12,16 .

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Bibliography Information
Morrish, George. Entry for 'Scarlet '. Morrish Bible Dictionary. 1897.

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