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People's Dictionary of the Bible

Council

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Council. There are three legal bodies called "councils" in the English N. T.:1. The Sanhedrin, the supreme court of the Jews, the fountain of their government, which sat at Jerusalem. By this body Jesus was tried. Matthew 26:59. 2. The lesser courts. Matthew 10:17; Mark 13:9. One was in each town, but two in the capital. Josephus states that each court consisted of seven judges, with two Levites as assessors. The "judgment," Matthew 5:21, probably applies to them. 3. The "council" spoken of in Acts 25:12 was a kind of jury "composed of councillors appointed to assist and advise the Roman governors."


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Bibliography Information
Rice, Edwin Wilbur, DD. Entry for 'Council'. People's Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/rpd/c/council.html. 1893.

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