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Smith's Bible Dictionary

Fable

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A fable is a narrative in which being irrational, and sometimes inanimate, are, for the purpose of moral instruction, feigned to act and speak with human interests and passions. --Encyc. Brit. The fable differs from the parable in that --
  1. The parable always relates what actually takes place, and is true to fact, which the fable is not; and
  2. The parable teaches the higher heavenly and spiritual truths, but the fable only earthly moralities. Of the fable, as distinguished from the parable [PARABLE ], we have but two examples in the Bible:
  3. That of the trees choosing their king, addressed by Jotham to the men of Shechem, (Judges 9:8-15 )
  4. That of the cedar of Lebanon and the thistle, as the answer of Jehoash to the challenge of Amaziah. (2 Kings 14:9 ) The fables of false teachers claiming to belong to the Christian Church, alluded to by writers of the New Testament, (1 Timothy 1:4 ; 4:7 ; Titus 1:14 ; 2 Peter 1:16 ) do not appear to have had the character of fables, properly so called.

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Bibliography Information
Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Fable'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/sbd/f/fable.html. 1901.

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