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Smith's Bible Dictionary

Poor

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The general kindly spirit of the law toward the poor is sufficiently shown by such passages as (15:7) for the reason that (ver. 11) "the poor shall never cease out of the land." Among the special enactments in their favor the following must be mentioned:
  1. The right of gleaning. (Leviticus 19:9,10 ; 24:19,21)
  2. From the produce of the land in sabbatical years the poor and the stranger were to have their portion. (Exodus 23:11 ; Leviticus 25:6 )
  3. Re-entry upon land in the jubilee year, with the limitation as to town homes. (Leviticus 25:25-30 )
  4. Prohibition of usury and of retention of pledges. (Exodus 22:25-27 ; Leviticus 25:3,5,37 ) etc.
  5. Permanent bondage forbidden, and manumission of Hebrew bondmen or bondwomen enjoined in the sabbatical and jubilee years. (Leviticus 25:39-42,47-54 ; 15:12-15)
  6. Portions from the tithes to be shared by the poor after the Levites. (14:28; 26:12,13)
  7. The poor to partake in entertainments at the feasts of Weeks and Tabernacles. (16:11,14) see Nehe 8:10
  8. Daily payment of wages. (Leviticus 19:13 ) Principles similar to those laid down by Moses are inculcated in the New Testament, as (Luke 3:11 ; 14:13 ; Acts 6:1 ; Galatians 2:10 ; James 2:15 )

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Bibliography Information
Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Poor'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/sbd/p/poor.html. 1901.

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