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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: ὁρκίζω
(Strong's #3726 — Verb — horkizo — hor-kid'-zo )

"to cause to swear, to lay under the obligation of an oath" (horkos, Mark 5:7 ; Acts 19:13 ), is connected with the Heb. word for a thigh, cp. Genesis 24:2,9 ; 47:29 . Some mss. have this word in 1 Thessalonians 5:27 . The most authentic have No. 3 (below). See CHARGE.

2: ἐξορκίζω
(Strong's #1844 — Verb — exorkizo — ex-or-kid'-zo )

an intensive form of No. 1, signifies "to appeal by an oath, to adjure," Matthew 26:63 . In the Sept., Genesis 24:3 ; Judges 17:2 ; 1 Kings 22:16 .

3: ὁρκίζω
3: ἐν
(Strong's #1722, #3726 — Preposition — enrokizo — en )

to put under (or bind by) an oath," is translated "adjure" in the RV of 1 Thessalonians 5:27 (AV, "charge"). In the Sept., Nehemiah 13:25 .

Note: The synonymous verb omnumi signifies "to make an oath, to declare or promise with an oath." See, e.g., Mark 6:23 , in contrast to Mark 5:7 (horkizo). See OATH and SWEAR.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Adjure'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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