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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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A — 1: αἷμα
(Strong's #129 — Noun Masculine — haima — hah'ee-mah )

(hence Eng., prefix haem,), besides its natural meaning, stands, (a) in conjunction with sarx, "flesh," "flesh and blood," Matthew 16:17 ; 1 Corinthians 15:50 ; Galatians 1:16 ; the original has the opposite order, blood and flesh, in Ephesians 6:12 ; Hebrews 2:14 ; this phrase signifies, by synecdoche, "man, human beings." It stresses the limitations of humanity; the two are essential elements in man's physical being; "the life of the flesh is in the blood," Leviticus 17:11 ; (b) for human generation, John 1:13 ; (c) for "blood" shed by violence, e.g., Matthew 23:35 ; Revelation 17:6 ; (d) for the "blood" of sacrificial victims, e.g., Hebrews 9:7 ; of the "blood" of Christ, which betokens His death by the shedding of His "blood" in expiatory sacrifice; to drink His "blood" is to appropriate the saving effects of His expiatory death, John 6:53 . As "the life of the flesh is in the blood," Leviticus 17:11 , and was forfeited by sin, life eternal can be imparted only by the expiation made, in the giving up of the life by the sinless Savior.

A — 2: αἱματεκχυσία
(Strong's #130 — Noun Feminine — haimatekchusia — hahee-mat-ek-khoo-see'-ah )

denotes "shedding of blood," Hebrews 9:22 (haima, "blood," ekchuno, "to pour out, shed").

B — 1: αἱμορροέω
(Strong's #131 — Verb — haimorrhoeo — hahee-mor-hreh'-o )

from haima, "blood," rheo, "to flow" (Eng., "hemorrhage"), signifies "to suffer from a flow of blood," Matthew 9:20 .

Notes: (1) In Mark 5:25 ; Luke 8:43 , different constructions are used, the translations respectively being "having a flowing of blood" and "being in (i.e., with) a flowing of blood."

(2) In Acts 17:26 (RV, "of one;" AV, "of one blood"), the most authentic mss. do not contain the noun haima, "blood." So with the phrase "through His blood," in Colossians 1:14 .

(3) For "bloody flux" in Acts 28:8 , AV, see DYSENTERY (RV).

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Blood'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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