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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: δεσμός
(Strong's #1199 — Noun Masculine — desmos — des-mon', des-mos' )

from deo, "to bind" (see BAND), is usually found in the plural, either masculine or neuter; (a) it stands thus for the actual "bonds" which bind a prisoner, as in Luke 8:29 ; Acts 16:26 ; 20:23 (the only three places where the neuter plural is used); Acts 22:30 ; (b) the masculine plural stands frequently in a figurative sense for "a condition of imprisonment," Philippians 1:7,13 , i.e., "so that my captivity became manifest as appointed for the cause of Christ;" Philippians 1:14,16 ; Colossians 4:18 ; 2 Timothy 2:9 ; Philemon 1:10,13 ; Hebrews 10:34 .

In Mark 74:35 "the bond (AV string)" stands metaphorically for "the infirmity which caused an impediment in his speech." So in Luke 13:16 , of the infirmity of the woman who was bowed together. See BAND , CHAIN , STRING.

2: δέσμιος
(Strong's #1198 — Adjective — desmios — des'-mee-os )

"a binding," denotes "a prisoner," e.g., Acts 25:14 , RV, for the AV, "in bonds;" Hebrews 13:3 , "them that are in bonds," Paul speaks of himself as a prisoner of Christ, Ephesians 3:1 : 2 Timothy 1:8 ; Philemon 1:1,9 ; "in the Lord," Ephesians 4:1 . See PRISONER.

3: σύνδεσμος
(Strong's #4886 — Noun Masculine — sundesmos — soon'-des-mos )

"that which binds together" (sum, "with," and No. 1), is said of "the bond of iniquity," Acts 8:23 ; "the bond of peace," Ephesians 4:3 ; "the bond of perfectness," Colossians 3:14 (figurative of the ligaments of the body); elsewhere; Colossians 2:19 , "bands," figuratively of the bands which unite the church, the body of Christ. See BAND.

4: ἅλυσις
(Strong's #254 — Noun Feminine — halusis — hal'-oo-sis )

denotes "a chain;" so the RV in Ephesians 6:20 , for AV "bonds." See CHAIN.

5: γογγυσμός
(Strong's #1112 — Noun Masculine — gramma — gong-goos-mos' )

in Luke 16:6 , RV, means "a bill or note of hand." See BILL , No. 2.

6: χειρόγραφον
(Strong's #5498 — Noun Neuter — cheirographon — khi-rog'-raf-on )

"a handwriting," is rendered "bond" in Colossians 2:14 , RV.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Bond'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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