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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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A — 1: χρεία
(Strong's #5532 — Noun Feminine — chreia — khri'-ah )

translated "business" in Acts 6:3 , of the distribution of funds, signifies "a necessity, a need," and is used in this place concerning duty or business. See LACK , NECESSITY , NEED , USE , WANT.

A — 2: ἐργασία
(Strong's #2039 — Noun Feminine — ergasia — er-gas-ee'-ah )

denotes "a business," Acts 19:24,25 , RV, AV, "gain" and "craft" (from ergon, "work"). See DILIGENCE.

B — 1: ἴδιος
(Strong's #2398 — Adjective — idios — id'-ee-os )

expresses "what is one's own" (hence, Eng. "idiot," in a changed sense, lit., "a person with his own opinions"); the neuter plural with the article (ta idia) signifies "one's own things." In 1 Thessalonians 4:11 , the noun is not expressed in the original but is supplied in the English versions by "business," "your own business." For the same phrase, otherwise expressed, see John 1:11 , "His own (things);" John 16:32 ; 19:27 , "his own (home);" Acts 21:6 , "home." In Luke 2:49 , the phrase "in My Father's house" (RV), "about My Father's business" (RJV), is, lit., "in the (things, the neuter plural of the article) of My Father." See ACQUAINTANCE , COMPANY , No. 8, DUE, HOME, OWN, PRIVATE, PROPER, SEVERAL.

Notes: (1) In the AV of Romans 16:2 pragma is translated "business," RV, "matter." See MATTER , THING , WORK.

(2) In Romans 12:11 spoude, translated "business" (AV), signifies "diligence" (RV). See DILIGENCE.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Business'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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