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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Care, Careful, Carefully, Carefulness

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A — 1: μέριμνα
(Strong's #3308 — Noun Feminine — merimna — mer'-im-nah )

probably connected with merizo, "to draw in different directions, distract," hence signifies "that which causes this, a care, especially an anxious care," Matthew 13:22 ; Mark 4:19 ; Luke 8:14 ; 21:34 ; 2 Corinthians 11:28 (RV, "anxiety for"); 1 Peter 5:7 (RV, "anxiety"). See ANXIETY.

Note: The negative adjective amerimnos (a, negative) signifies "free from care," Matthew 28:14 , RV, "we will ... rid you of care," AV, "we will ... secure you" ("secure" lit. means "free from care"); 1 Corinthians 7:32 , AV, "without carefulness."

A — 2: σπουδή
(Strong's #4710 — Noun Feminine — spoude — spoo-day' )

primarily "haste, zeal, diligence," hence means "earnest care, carefulness," 2 Corinthians 7:11,12 ; 8:16 (RV, "earnest care," in each place). Merimna conveys the thought of anxiety, spoude, of watchful interest and earnestness. See BUSINESS , DILIGENCE (A, No. 2), EARNESTNESS, FORWARDNESS, HASTE.

B — 1: μεριμνάω
(Strong's #3309 — Verb — merimnao — mer-im-nah'-o )

akin to A, No. 1, signifies "to be anxious about, to have a distracting care," e.g., Matthew 6:25,28 , RV, "be anxious," for AV, "take thought;" Matthew 10:19 ; Luke 10:41 (RV, "anxious," for AV, "careful"); Luke 12:11 (RV, "anxious"); to be careful for, 1 Corinthians 7:32-34 ; to have a care for, 1 Corinthians 12:25 ; to care for, Philippians 2:20 ; "be anxious," Philippians 4:6 , RV. See THOUGHT (to take).

B — 2: μέλω
(Strong's #3199 — Verb — melei — mel'-o )

the third person sing. of melo, used impersonally, signifies that "something is an object of care," especially the care of forethought and interest, rather than anxiety, Matthew 22:16 ; Mark 4:38 ; 12:14 ; Luke 10:40 ; John 10:13 ; 12:6 ; Acts 18:17 ; 1 Corinthians 9:9 (RV, "Is it for the oxen that God careth?" The AV seriously misses the point. God does "care" for oxen, but there was a Divinely designed significance in the OT passage, relating to the service of preachers of the Gospel); 7:21; 1 Peter 5:7 .

B — 3: ἐπιμελέομαι
(Strong's #1959 — Verb — epimeleomai — ep-ee-mel-eh'-om-ahee )

signifies "to take care of," involving forethought and provision (epi indicating "the direction of the mind toward the object cared for"), Luke 10:34,35 , of the Good Samaritan's care for the wounded man, and in 1 Timothy 3:5 , of a bishop's (or overseer's) care of a church, a significant association of ideas.

B — 4: φροντίζω
(Strong's #5431 — Verb — phrontizo — fron-tid'-zo )

"to think, consider, be thoughtful" (from phren, "the mind"), is translated "be careful" in Titus 3:8 .

B — 5: φρονέω
(Strong's #5426 — Verb — phroneo — fron-eh'-o )

translated "be careful," in Philippians 4:10 , AV (RV, "(ye did) take thought"), has a much wider range of meaning than No. 5, and denotes to be minded, in whatever way. See AFFECTION , B, Note (1), MIND , REGARD , SAVOR , THINK , UNDERSTAND.

Note: Episkopeo, "to oversee," is rendered "looking carefully," in Hebrews 12:15 , RV. See OVERSIGHT.

C — 1: ἀκριβῶς
(Strong's #199 — Adverb — akribos — ak-ree-boce' )

"carefully;" see ACCURATELY.

Note: For akribesteron, "more carefully," see EXACTLY.

C — 2: σπουδαιοτέρως
(Strong's #4708 — Adverb — spoudaioteros, — spoo-dah-yot-er'-oce )

the comparative adverb corresponding to A, No. 2, signifies "the more diligently," Philippians 2:28 , RV (AV, "carefully"). The adverb spoudaios denotes "diligently." 2 Timothy 1:17 (some mss. have the comparative here); Titus 3:13 ; or "earnestly," Luke 7:4 (AV, "instantly"). See also spoudaios and its comparative, in 2 Corinthians 8:17,22 , RV , "earnest," "more earnest."


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Care, Careful, Carefully, Carefulness'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/c/care-careful-carefully-carefulness.html. 1940.

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