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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: ἐσθίω
(Strong's #2068 — — esthio — es-thee'-o )

is a strengthened form of an old verb edo, from the root ed---, whence Lat., edo, Eng., "eat." The form ephagon, used as the 2nd aorist tense of this verb, is from the root phag---, "to eat up." It is translated "devour" in Hebrews 10:27 ; elsewhere, by the verb "to eat." See EAT.

2: κατεσθίω
(Strong's #2719 — Verb — katesthio | kataphago — kat-es-thee'-o )

kata, "down," intensive, and No. 1, signifies (a) "to consume by eating, to devour," said of birds, Matthew 13:4 ; Mark 4:4 ; Luke 8:5 ; of the Dragon, Revelation 12:4 ; of a prophet "eating" up a book, suggestive of spiritually "eating" and digesting its contents, Revelation 10:9 (cp. Ezekiel 2:8 ; 3:1-3 ; Jeremiah 15:16 ); (b) metaphorically, "to squander, to waste," Luke 15:30 ; "to consume" one's physical powers by emotion, John 2:17 ; "to devour" by forcible appropriation, as of widows' property, Matthew 23:14 (AV only); Mark 12:40 ; "to demand maintenance," as false apostles did to the church at Corinth, 2 Corinthians 11:20 ; "to exploit or prey on one another," Galatians 5:15 , where "bite ... devour ... consume" form a climax, the first two describing a process, the last the act of swallowing down; to "destroy" by fire, Revelation 11:5 ; 20:9 . See EAT.

3: καταπίνω
(Strong's #2666 — Verb — katapino — kat-ap-ee'-no )

from kata, "down," intensive, pino, "to drink," in 1 Peter 5:8 is translated "devour," of Satan's activities against believers. The meaning "to swallow" is found in Matthew 23:24 ; 1 Corinthians 15:54 ; 2 Corinthians 2:7 ; 5:4 ; Hebrews 11:29 , RV (for AV, "drowned"); Revelation 12:16 . See SWALLOW.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Devour'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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