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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: ἐχθρός
(Strong's #2190 — — echthros — ekh-thros' )

an adjective, primarily denoting "hated" or "hateful" (akin to echthos, "hate;" perhaps associated with ektos, "outside"), hence, in the Active sense, denotes "hating, hostile;" it is used as a noun signifying an "enemy," adversary, and is said (a) of the Devil, Matthew 13:39 ; Luke 10:19 ; (b) of death, 1 Corinthians 15:26 ; (c) of the professing believer who would be a friend of the world, thus making himself an enemy of God, James 4:4 ; (d) of men who are opposed to Christ, Matthew 13:25,28 ; 22:44 ; Mark 12:36 ; Luke 19:27 ; 20:43 ; Acts 2:35 ; Romans 11:28 ; Philippians 3:18 ; Hebrews 1:13 ; 10:13 ; or to His servants, Revelation 11:5,12 : To the nation of Israel, Luke 1:71,74 ; 19:43 ; (e) of one who is opposed to righteousness, Acts 13:10 ; (f) of Israel in its alienation from God, Romans 11:28 ; (g) of the unregenerate in their attitude toward God, Romans 5:10 ; Colossians 1:21 ; (h) of believers in their former state, 2 Thessalonians 3:15 ; (i) of foes, Matthew 5:43,44 ; 10:36 ; Luke 6:27,35 : Romans 12:20 ; 1 Corinthians 15:25 ; of the Apostle Paul because he told converts "the truth," Galatians 4:16 . See FOE. Cp. echthra, "enmity."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Enemy'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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