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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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* Note: This pronoun is generally part of the translation of a verb. Frequently it translates the article before nouns, adjectives, numerals, adverbs, prepositional phrases and the participial form of verbs. Apart from these it translate one of the following;

1: αὐτός
(Strong's #846 — pronoun — autos — ow-tos' )

"he himself and no other," emphatic, e.g., Matthew 1:21 , where the RV brings out the emphasis by the rendering "it is He;" Matthew 3:11 (last clause), where the repeated "He" brings out the emphasis; in some cases it can be marked only by a circumlocution which would not constitute a translation, e.g., Matthew 8:24 ; this use is very frequent, especially in the Gospels, the Epistles of John and the Apocalypse; see also, e.g., Ephesians 2:14 ; 4:11 ; 5:23,27 . See SAME , SELF , THIS , VERY.

2: αὗται
(Strong's #3778 — pronoun — houtos — hoo'-tos, hoo'-toy, how'-tay, how'-tahee )

"this, this person here," is always emphatic; it is used with this meaning, sometimes to refer to what precedes, e.g., Matthew 5:19 , "he (shall be called great);" John 6:46 , "he (hath seen);" often rendered "this," e.g., Romans 9:9 , or "this man," e.g., Matthew 27:58 , RV; James 1:25 ; "the same," e.g., Luke 9:48 . See THAT , THIS , THESE.

3: ἐκεῖνος
(Strong's #1565 — pronoun — ekeinos — ek-i'-nos )

denotes "that one, that person" (in contrast to No. 2); its use marks special distinction, favorable or unfavorable; this form of emphasis should always be noted; e.g., John 2:21 "(But) He (spake);" John 5:19 , "(what things soever) He (doeth);" John 7:11 ; 2 Corinthians 10:18 , lit., "for not he that commendeth himself, he (ekeinos) is approved;" 2 Timothy 2:13 , "He (in contrast to "we") abideth faithful;" 1 John 3:3 , "(even as) He (is pure);" 1 John 3:5 , "He (was manifested);" 1 John 3:7 , "He (is righteous);" 1 John 3:16 , "He laid down;" 1 John 4:17 , "(as) He (is)." See OTHER , THAT , THIS.

Note: The indefinite pronoun tis, "anyone, any man," is rendered "he" in Acts 4:35 , AV (RV, rightly, "any one"); in Hebrews 10:28 , RV, "a man."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'He'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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