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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Heavy, Heaviness

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A — 1: λύπη
(Strong's #3077 — Noun Feminine — lupe — loo'-pay )

"grief, sorrow," is rendered "heaviness" in the AV of Romans 9:2 ; 2 Corinthians 2:1 (RV, "sorrow," in both places). See GRIEF , SORROW.

A — 2: κατήφεια
(Strong's #2726 — Noun Feminine — katepheia — kat-ay'-fi-ah )

probably denotes a downcast look, expressive of sorrow; hence, "dejection, heaviness;" it is used in James 4:9 .

A — 3: ἀδημονέω
(Strong's #85 — Verb — ademoneo — ad-ay-mon-eh'-o )

"to be troubled, much distressed," is used of the Lord's sorrow in Gethsemane, Matthew 26:37 ; Mark 14:33 , AV, "to be very heavy," RV, "to be sore troubled;" of Epaphroditus, because the saints at Philippi had received news of his sickness, Philippians 2:26 , AV, "was full of heaviness," RV, "was sore troubled." See TROUBLE. B, No. 12.

A — 4: λυπέω
(Strong's #3076 — Verb — lupeo — loo-peh'-o )

"to distress, grieve" (akin to A, No. 1), is rendered "are in heaviness" in 1 Peter 1:6 , AV (RV, "have been put to grief"); here, as frequently, it is in the Passive Voice. See GRIEF , SORROWFUL.

A — 5: βαρέω
(Strong's #916 — Verb — bareo — bar-eh'-o )

always in the Passive Voice in the NT, is rendered "were heavy" in Matthew 26:43 ; Mark 14:40 ; Luke 9:32 . See BURDEN.

Note: For "heavy laden," Matthew 11:28 , see LADE , No. 3.

B — 1: βαρύς
(Strong's #926 — Adjective — barus — bar-ooce' )

"heavy" (akin to B, No. 3), is so rendered in Matthew 23:4 . See GRIEVOUS.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Heavy, Heaviness'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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