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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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A — 1: κληρονόμος
(Strong's #2818 — Noun Masculine — kleronomos — klay-ron-om'-os )

lit. denotes "one who obtains a lot or portion" (kleros, "a lot," nemomai, "to possess"), especially of an inheritance. The NT usage may be analyzed as under: "(a) the person to whom property is to pass on the death of the owner, Matthew 21:38 ; Mark 12:7 ; Luke 20:14 ; Galatians 4:1 ; (b) one to whom something has been assigned by God, on possession of which, however, he has not yet entered, as Abraham, Romans 4:13,14 ; Hebrews 6:17 ; Christ, Hebrews 1:2 ; the poor saints, James 2:5 ; (c) believers, inasmuch as they share in the new order of things to be ushered in at the return of Christ, Romans 8:17 ; Galatians 3:29 ; 4:7 ; Titus 3:7 ; (d) one who receives something other than by merit, as Noah, Hebrews 11:7 ." * [* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 177,178.]

In the Sept., Judges 18:7 ; 2 Samuel 14:7 ; Jeremiah 8:10 ; Micah 1:15 .

A — 2: συγκληρονόμος
(Strong's #4789 — Noun Masculine — sunkleronomos — soong-klay-ron-om'-os )

"a joint-heir, co-inheritor" (sun, "with," and No. 1), "is used of Issac and Jacob as participants with Abraham in the promises of God, Hebrews 11:9 ; of husband and wife who are also united in Christ, 1 Peter 3:7 ; of Gentiles who believe, as participants in the Gospel with Jews who believe, Ephesians 3:6 ; and of all believers as prospective participants with Christ in His glory, as recompense for their participation in His sufferings, Romans 8:17 ." * [* ibid, p. 178.]

B — 1: κληρονομέω
(Strong's #2816 — Verb — kleronomeo — klay-ron-om-eh'-o )

"to be an heir to, to inherit" (see A, No. 1), is rendered "shall (not) inherit with" in Galatians 4:30 , RV, AV, "shall (not) be heir with;" in Hebrews 1:14 , RV, "shall inherit," AV, "shall be heirs of." See INHERIT. Cp. kleroomai, "to be taken as an inheritance," kleronomia, "an inheritance," kleros, "a lot, an inheritance."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Heir'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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