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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Poor

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A — 1: πτωχός
(Strong's #4434 — Adjective — ptochos — pto-khos' )

for which see BEG , B, has the broad sense of "poor," (a) literally, e.g., Matthew 11:5 ; 26:9,11 ; Luke 21:3 (with stress on the word, "a conspicuously poor widow"); John 12:5,6,8 ; 13:29 ; James 2:2,3,6 ; the "poor" are constantly the subjects of injunctions to assist them, Matthew 19:21 ; Mark 10:21 ; Luke 14:13,21 ; 18:22 ; Romans 15:26 ; Galatians 2:10 ; (b) metaphorically, Matthew 5:3 ; Luke 6:20 ; Revelation 3:17 .

A — 2: πενιχρός
(Strong's #3998 — Adjective — penichros — pen-tikh-ros' )

akin to B, "needy, poor," is used of the widow in Luke 21:2 (cp. No. 1, of the same woman, in ver. 3); it is used frequently in the papyri. In the Sept., Exodus 22:25 ; Proverbs 28:15 ; 29:7 .

B — 1: πένης
(Strong's #3993 — Adjective — penes — pen'-ace )

"a laborer "(akin to penomai, "to work for one's daily bread"), is translated "poor" in 2 Corinthians 9:9 .

C — 1: πτωχεύω
(Strong's #4433 — Verb — ptocheuo — pto-khyoo'-o )

"to be poor as a beggar" (akin to A, No. 1), "to be destitute," is said of Christ in 2 Corinthians 8:9 .


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Poor'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/p/poor.html. 1940.

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