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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: δέσμιος
(Strong's #1198 — Adjective — desmios — des'-mee-os )

an adjective, primarily denotes "binding, bound," then, as a noun, "the person bound, a captive, prisoner" (akin to deo, "to bind"), Matthew 27:15,16 ; Mark 15:6 ; Acts 16:25,27 ; 23:18 ; 25:14 , RV (AV, "in bonds"),27; 28:16,17; Ephesians 3:1 ; 4:1 ; 2 Timothy 1:8 ; Philemon 1:1,9 ; in Hebrews 10:34 ; 13:3 , "in bonds." See BOND , No. 2.

Note: The prison at Jerusalem (Acts 5 ) was controlled by the priests and probably attached to the high priest's palace, or the Temple. Paul was imprisoned at Jerusalem in the fort Antonia, Acts 23:10 ; at Caesarea, in Herod's Praetorium, 23:35; probably his final imprisonment in Rome was in the Tullianum dungeon.

2: δεσμώτης
(Strong's #1202 — Noun Masculine — desmotes — des-mo'-tace )

akin to No. 1, occurs in Acts 27:1,42 .

3: συναιχμάλωτος
(Strong's #4869 — Noun Masculine — sunaichmalotos — soon-aheekh-mal'-o-tos )

"a fellow prisoner," primarily "one of fellow captives in war" (from aichme, "a spear," and haliskomai, "to be taken"), is used by Paul of Andronicus and Junias, Romans 16:7 ; of Epaphras, Philemon 1:23 ; of Aristarchus, Colossians 4:10 , on which Lightfoot remarks that probably his relations with the Apostle in Rome excited suspicion and led to a temporary confinement, or that he voluntarily shared his captivity by living with him.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Prisoner'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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