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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Sojourn, Sojourner, Sojourning

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A — 1: παροικέω
(Strong's #3939 — Verb — paroikeo — par-oy-keh'-o )

denotes "to dwell beside, among or by" (para, "beside," oikeo, "to dwell"); then, "to dwell in a place as a paroikos, a stranger" (see below), Luke 24:18 , RV , "Dost thou (alone) sojourn ...?" [marg., "Dost thou sojourn (alone)" is preferable], AV, "art thou (only) a stranger?" (monos, "alone," is an adjective, not an adverb); in Hebrews 11:9 , RV, "he became a sojourner" (AV, "he sojourned"), the RV gives the force of the aorist tense.

A — 2: ἐπιδημέω
(Strong's #1927 — Verb — epidemeo — ep-ee-day-meh'-o )

is rendered "to sojourn" in Acts 17:21 , RV.

B — 1: πάροικος
(Strong's #3941 — Adjective — paroikos — par'-oy-kos )

an adjective, akin to A, No. 1, lit., "dwelling near" (see above), then, "foreign, alien" (found with this meaning in inscriptions), hence, as a noun, "a sojourner," is used with eimi, "to be," in Acts 7:6 , "should sojourn," lit., "should be a sojourner;" in Acts 7:29 , RV, "sojourner" (AV, "stranger"); in Ephesians 2:19 , RV "sojourners" (AV, "foreigners"), the preceding word rendered "strangers" is xenos; in 1 Peter 2:11 , RV, ditto (AV, "strangers").

B — 2: ἀπόδημος
(Strong's #590 — Adjective — apodemos — ap-od'-ay-mos )

"gone abroad" (apo, "from," demos, "people"), signifies "sojourning in another country," Mark 13:34 , RV (AV, "taking a far journey").

B — 3: παρεπίδημος
(Strong's #3927 — Adjective — parepidemos — par-ep-id'-ay-mos )

"sojourning in a strange place," is used as a noun, denoting "a sojourner, an exile," 1 Peter 1:1 , RV, "sojourners" (AV, "strangers"). See PILGRIM.

C — 1: παροικία
(Strong's #3940 — Noun Feminine — paroikia — par-oy-kee'-ah )

"a sojourning" (akin to A and B, Nos. 1), occurs in Acts 13:17 , rendered "they sojourned," RV, AV, "dwelt as strangers," lit., "in the sojourning;" in 1 Peter 1:17 , "sojourning."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Sojourn, Sojourner, Sojourning'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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