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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Tabernacle

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1: σκηνή
(Strong's #4633 — Noun Feminine — skene — skay-nay' )

"a tent, booth, tabernacle," is used of (a) tents as dwellings, Matthew 17:4 ; Mark 9:5 ; Luke 9:33 ; Hebrews 11:9 , AV, "tabernacles" (RV, "tents"); (b) the Mosaic tabernacle, Acts 7:44 ; Hebrews 8:5 ; 9:1 (in some mss.); 9:8,21, termed "the tent of meeting," RV (i.e., where the people were called to meet God), a preferable description to "the tabernacle of the congregation," as in the AV in the OT; the outer part, Hebrews 9:2,6 ; the inner sanctuary, Hebrews 9:3 ; (c) the heavenly prototype, Hebrews 8:2 ; 9:11 ; Revelation 13:6 ; 15:5 ; 21:3 (of its future descent); (d) the eternal abodes of the saints, Luke 16:9 , RV, "tabernacles" (AV, "habitations"); (e) the Temple in Jerusalem, as continuing the service of the tabernacle, Hebrews 13:10 ; (f) the house of David, i.e., metaphorically of his people, Acts 15:16 ; (g) the portable shrine of the god Moloch, Acts 7:43 .

2: σκῆνος
(Strong's #4636 — Noun Neuter — skenos — skay'-nos )

the equivalent of No. 1, is used metaphorically of the body as the "tabernacle" of the soul, 2 Corinthians 5:1,4 .

3: σκήνωμα
(Strong's #4638 — Noun Neuter — skenoma — skay'-no-mah )

occurs in Acts 7:46 ; 2 Peter 1:13,14 ; see HABITATION , No. 6.

4: σκηνοπηγία
(Strong's #4634 — Noun Feminine — skenopegia — skay-nop-ayg-ee'-ah )

properly "the setting up of tents or dwellings" (No. 1, and pegnumi, "to fix"), represents the word "tabernacles" in "the feast of tabernacles," John 7:2 . This feast, one of the three Pilgrimage Feasts in Israel, is called "the feast of ingathering" in Exodus 23:16 ; 34:22 ; it took place at the end of the year, and all males were to attend at the "tabernacle" with their offerings. In Leviticus 23:34 ; Deuteronomy 16:13,16 ; 31:10 ; 2 Chronicles 8:13 ; Ezra 3:4 (cp. Nehemiah 8:14-18 ), it is called "the feast of tabernacles" (or "booths," sukkoth), and was appointed for seven days at Jerusalem from the 15th to the 22nd Tishri (approximately October), to remind the people that their fathers dwelt in these in the wilderness journeys. Cp. Numbers 29:15-38 , especially Numbers 29:35-38 , for the regulations of the eighth or "last day, the great day of the feast" (John 7:37 ).

Note: For skenoo, "to spread a tabernacle over," Revelation 7:15 , RV, see DWELL , No. 9.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Tabernacle'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/t/tabernacle.html. 1940.

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