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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Unclean

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A — 1: ἀκάθαρτος
(Strong's #169 — Adjective — akathartos — ak-ath'-ar-tos )

"unclean, impure" (a, negative, kathairo, "to purify"), is used (a) of "unclean" spirits, frequently in the Synoptists, not in John's gospel; in Acts 5:16 ; 8:7 ; Revelation 16:13 ; 18:2 (in the 2nd clause the birds are apparently figurative of destructive satanic agencies); (b) ceremonially, Acts 10:14,28 ; 11:8 ; 1 Corinthians 7:14 ; (c) morally, 2 Corinthians 6:17 , including (b), RV; "no unclean thing;" Ephesians 5:5 ; Revelation 17:4 , RV, "the unclean things" (AV follows the text which have the noun akathartes, "the filthiness").

A — 2: κοινός
(Strong's #2839 — Adjective — koinos — koy-nos' )

"common," is translated "unclean" in Romans 14:14 (thrice); in Revelation 21:27 , RV (AV, "that defileth," follows the inferior texts which have the verb koinoo: see B). See COMMON , DEFILE , C, UNHOLY , No. 2.

B — 1: κοινόω
(Strong's #2840 — Verb — koinoo — koy-no'-o )

to make koinos, "to defile," is translated "unclean" in Hebrews 9:13 , AV, where the perfect participle, Passive, is used with the article, hence the RV, "them that have been defiled." See DEFILE , A, No. 1.

C — 1: ἀκαθαρσία
(Strong's #167 — Noun Feminine — akatharsia — ak-ath-ar-see'-ah )

akin to A, No. 1, denotes "uncleanness," (a) physical, Matthew 23:27 (instances in the papyri speak of tenants keeping houses in good condition); (b) moral, Romans 1:24 ; 6:19 ; 2 Corinthians 12:21 ; Galatians 5:19 ; Ephesians 4:19 ; 5:3 ; Colossians 3:5 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:3 (suggestive of the fact that sensuality and evil doctrine are frequently associated); 4:7.

Note: In 2 Peter 2:10 , AV, miasmos, "a defilement," is rendered "uncleanness;" see DEFILEMENT , B, No. 2.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Unclean'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/u/unclean.html. 1940.

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