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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Understand, Understood

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A — 1: συνίημι
(Strong's #4920 — Verb — suniemi — soon-ee'-ay-mee )

primarily, "to bring or set together," is used metaphorically of "perceiving, understanding, uniting" (sun), so to speak, the perception with what is perceived, e.g., Matthew 13:13-15,19,23,51 ; 15:10 ; 16:12 ; 17:13 , and similar passages in Mark and Luke; Acts 7:25 (twice); 28:26,27; in Romans 3:11 , the present participle, with the article, is used as a noun, lit., "there is not the understanding (one)," in a moral and spiritual sense; Romans 15:21 ; 2 Corinthians 10:12 , RV, "are (without) understanding," AV, "are (not) wise;" Ephesians 5:17 , RV, "understand." See CONSIDER , Note (2).

A — 2: νοέω
(Strong's #3539 — Verb — noeo — noy-eh'-o )

"to perceive with the mind," as distinct from perception by feeling, is so used in Matthew 15:17 , AV, "understand," RV, "perceive;" Matthew 16:9,11 ; 24:15 (here rather perhaps in the sense of considering) and parallels in Mark (not in Luke); John 12:40 ; Romans 1:20 ; 1 Timothy 1:7 ; Hebrews 11:3 ; in Ephesians 3:4 , AV, "may understand" (RV, "can perceive"); Ephesians 3:20 , "think;" 2 Timothy 2:7 , "consider," See CONSIDER , No. 4.

A — 3: γινώσκω
(Strong's #1097 — Verb — ginosko — ghin-oce'-ko )

"to know, to come to know," is translated "to understand" in the AV in Matthew 26:10 ; John 8:27 (RV, "to perceive;") AV and RV in John 8:43 ; 10:6 ; in John 10:38 , RV (in some texts pisteuo, AV, "believe"); AV and RV in John 12:16 ; 13:7 RV, AV, "know" (see Note under KNOW, No. 2); Acts 8:30 ; in Philippians 1:12 , AV, RV, "know" (in some texts, Acts 24:11 , AV). See KNOW , No. 1.

A — 4: ἐπίσταμαι
(Strong's #1987 — Verb — epistamai — ep-is'-tam-ahee )

"to know well," is rendered "to understand" in Mark 14:68 ; Jude 1:10 , RV, 2nd clause (AV, "know"). See KNOW , No. 5.

A — 5: πυνθάνομαι
(Strong's #4441 — Verb — punthanomai — poon-than'-om-ahee )

"to inquire," is rendered "to understand" in Acts 23:34 . See INQUIRE.

A — 6: γνωρίζω
(Strong's #1107 — Verb — gnorizo — gno-rid'-zo )

"to make known," is rendered "I give ... to understand" in 1 Corinthians 12:3 . See KNOW , No. 8.

A — 7: ἀγνοέω
(Strong's #50 — Verb — agnoeo — ag-no-eh'-o )

"to be ignorant," is rendered "they understood not" in Mark 9:32 ; Luke 9:45 ; in 2 Peter 2:12 , AV, RV, "they are ignorant of." See IGNORANT , B, No. 1.

Notes: (1) In 1 Corinthians 13:2 , AV, oida, "to know, to perceive," is rendered "understand" (RV, "know"); so in 1 Corinthians 14:16 . (2) For manthano, rendered "understand" in Acts 23:27 , AV, see LEARN , No. 1. (3) In 1 Corinthians 13:11 , AV, phroneo, "to be minded," is rendered "I understood" (RV, "I felt"). (4) For parakoloutheo, Luke 1:3 , AV, "have perfect understanding of," see TRACE.

B — 1: εὔσημος
(Strong's #2154 — Adjective — eusemos — yoo'-say-mos )

primarily denotes "conspicuous" or "glorious" (as in Psalm 81:3 , Sept.; EV, "solemn"), then, "distinct, clear to understanding," 1 Corinthians 14:9 , "easy to be understood" (AV, marg., "significant").

B — 2: δυσνόητος
(Strong's #1425 — Adjective — dusnoetos — doos-no'-ay-tos )

"hard to be understood" (dus, a prefix like Eng., "mis-," or "un-," and A, No. 2), occurs in 2 Peter 3:16 .


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Understand, Understood'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/u/understand-understood.html. 1940.

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