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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Understanding

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A — 1: νοῦς
(Strong's #3563 — Noun Masculine — nous — nooce )

for which see MIND , No. 1, is translated "understanding" in Luke 24:45 , AV (RV, "mind"); 1 Corinthians 14:14,15 (twice),19; Philippians 4:7 ; Revelation 13:18 .

A — 2: σύνεσις
(Strong's #4907 — Noun Feminine — sunesis — soon'-es-is )

akin to suniemi, "to set together, to understand," denotes (a) "the understanding, the mind or intelligence," Mark 12:33 ; (b) "understanding, reflective thought," Luke 2:47 ; 1 Corinthians 1:19 , RV, "prudence;" Ephesians 3:4 , RV (AV, "knowledge"); Colossians 1:9 ; 2:2 ; 2 Timothy 2:7 . See PRUDENCE , No. 2.

A — 3: διάνοια
(Strong's #1271 — Noun Feminine — dianoia — dee-an'-oy-ah )

for which see MIND , No. 2, is rendered "understanding" in Ephesians 4:18 ; 1 John 5:20 (in some texts, Ephesians 1:18 , AV, for kardia, "heart," RV).

B — 1: ἀσύνετος
(Strong's #801 — Adjective — asunetos — as-oon'-ay-tos )

"without understanding or discernment" (a, negative, sunetos, "intelligent, understanding"), is translated without understanding" in Matthew 15:16 : Mark 7:18 ; Romans 1:31 ; 10:19 , RV, "void of understanding" (AV, "foolish"); in Romans 1:21 , RV, "senseless" (AV, "foolish").

Note: In 1 Corinthians 14:20 , AV, phren, "the mind," is translated "understanding" (twice), RV, "mind."


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Understanding'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/u/understanding.html. 1940.

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