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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: ἐκδίκησις
(Strong's #1557 — Noun Feminine — ekdikesis — ek-dik'-ay-sis )

lit., "(that which proceeds) out of justice," not, as often with human "vengeance," out of a sense of injury or merely out of a feeling of indignation. The word is most frequently used of Divine "vengeance," e.g., Romans 12:19 ; Hebrews 10:30 . For a complete list see AVENGE , B, No. 2. The judgements of God are holy and right (Revelation 16:7 ), and free from any element of self-gratification or vindictiveness.

Notes: (1) Dike, "justice," is translated "vengeance" in the AV of Acts 28:4 and Jude 1:7 : see JUSTICE. (2) In Romans 3:5 , AV, orge, "wrath" (RV), is rendered "vengeance;" see ANGER , WRATH.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Vengeance'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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